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历史真相:蒋介石如何责备学生抗日请愿?

日期:2018-12-03 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

九一八事变后学生云集南京请愿,蒋耐心接见之余“心甚嫌恶”

广东快乐十分 1931NIAN“JIUYIBASHIBIAN”FASHENGHOUDIERTIAN,JIANGJIESHIZAIRIJIZHONGXIEDAO:“ZUOWANWOKOUWUGUGONGJIWOSHENYANGBINGGONGCHANG,BINGZHANLINGWOYINGFANG。KEJIEBAOYIZHANLINGWOSHENYANGYUZHANGCHUN,BINGYOUZHANLINGNIUZHUANGDENGCHU。SHIQIYUCHENGYUENIPANBIANZHISHI,NEIBUFENLIE,ERQINLVEDONGSHENGYI。NEILUANBUZHI,PANNIHAOWUHUIHUOZHIXIN,GUOMINYIWUAIGUOZHIXIN,SHEHUIWUZUZHI,ZHENGFUBUJIANQUAN。RUCIMINZUYILILUNJUEWUCUNZAIYUJINRISHIJIEZHIDAO,ERKUANGTIANZAIFEIHUOXIANGBIERLAIZHISHIHU?”①ZHEIDUANRIJI,DAYUEKEYISHIZUOQIJUECECAIQUSUZHUGUOLIAN、ERFEIWUZHUANGKANGRIDEJIEJUEFANGSHIDEZIWOJIESHI。

JIANGJIGUOMINZHENGFUDEZHEIZHONGJUECE,SHINANDEDAOYULUNDELIJIEYUTONGQING,GUZI9YUE24RISHANGHAIXUESHENGFUJINGQINGYUANKAISHI,YAOQIUKANGRIZHIXUESHENGYUNDONG,XUNSUZAINANJINGCHENGFENGQIYUNYONGZHISHI。JIANGYISHENZHIANFUQINGXUJIANGDEXUESHENG,NAIJIZHONGYAOZHIZHENGZHIKETI,GUSUIYOUPINFANJIEJIANXUESHENGZHIJU。RU9YUE29RI,JIANGJIEJIANSHANGHAIQINGYUANXUESHENG5000YUREN,XUNHUA1XIAOSHIYU;11YUE23RI,JIEJIANHANGZHOUQINGYUANXUESHENG700YUREN;11YUE27RI,JIANGRIJIZIYUN:“SHURIYILAI,DUIGEDILAIJINGZHIXUESHENGJIEJIANXUNHUAZHEYUEERWANREN,KEWEIYONGJINJINGLIYIYINGZHI。”CIDENGJIEJIANGUIMO,KEJIANQINAIXINCHENGDU。②

DANZAINAIXINJIEJIAN、QUANSHUOFANXIAOZHIWAI,JIANGZAIRIJIZHONG,DUIXUESHENGDEQINGYUANHUODONG,SHIZEDABUYIWEIRAN,NAIZHI“XINSHENXIANE”。ZAIJIANGKANLAI,QIYI,XUESHENGQINGYUANHUODONGBEIHOU,DADOUYOUZHENGZHISHILICAOZONG,BINGBUDANCHUN,MINGYUEAIGUO,SHINAIHAIGUO。9YUE28RI,JIANGRIJIXIEDAO:“SHANGHAIXUESHENGLAIQINGYUANZHECUDUILUOYIBUJUE,QIBIWEIFANDONGPAISUOZHUSHI,XIANYOUZHENGZHIZUOYONG。SHIJUYANZHONGYIJI,NEIYOUWAIHUAN,XIANGBIZHICI,RENXINZHIFUDONGHAOLUAN,GUOWANGWURIYI!”ZAIRU11YUE25RI,RIJIXIEDAO:“GEFANGXUESHENGWEIFANDONGPAISUOGUHUO,LAIJINGQINGYUANBEISHANG,GUYIDAOLUAN,POHUAIZHENGFU,GOUJIERIBEN、GUANGDONG,RENGESANGSHIDAIJIN……HUNIHANMIN,QIWANGGUOZHIYAONIEHU?”③

QIER,QINGNIANXUESHENGJIANSHIQIANLOU,MANGCONGYOUZHI,FUZAOQUNAO,SHIKETONGXIN。RU11YUE30RI,JIANGDUISHANGHAIGONGRENDAIBIAOJIBEIPINGGUOMINDAXUESHENGXUNHUAHOU,ZAIRIJIXIEDAO:“KEXIERZUIKETONGZHE,NAIYIBANMANGCONGYOUZHIZHIQINGNIAN,LINGZHIANXINQIUXUEYIJINJIUGUOZHIDAOZEBUTING,SHANYIFUZAODAIHUANGZELECONG。GUOWUJILV,RENBUDAODE,SHISHIFENLUANRUCI,ZUOYONGZHEHU(HANMIN)、WANG(JINGWEI)、SUN(KE)YE。”ZAIRU,12YUE2RI,RIJIXIEDAO:“(XUESHENG)WULIQUNAO,SHUKEJINLIAN。GUOSHIMINFEN,JIAOYUPOCHAN,WEIZHIDANGBUSUOWEIHESHI,JINGSHIYIBANQUNZHONGJIEWEIXIESHUOSUOYOUHUO、FANDONGPAISUOCAOZONG,ERYUZHENGFUWEINAN,CIJIEYUYONGRENBUDANGZHIJIU,ERYUTARENHUHEYOU!”④

广东快乐十分 12YUE4RI,BEIPINGDAXUESHENGQI“QINGYUANTUAN”ZHIMING,ZU“SHIWEITUAN”ZHINANJING。JIANGJIESHIRIJIZHONGFENRANXIEDAO:“WENQIMINGZHEWEICHATAN,BUXIANGDIGUOSHIWEI,ERXIANGZHENGFUSHIWEI,CIZHONGGUOZHISUOYIBEIRUYE!”YOUCIBUNANKUIJIAN,SHENZAINEIWAIZHENGZHIXUANWOZHONGDEJIANG,DUIXUESHENGKANGRIYUNDONGDEJIBENTAIDU。⑤

国民政府主席蒋介石接见全国各地到南京请愿的学生代表,说明政府对“九一八事变”的处置立场国民政府主席蒋介石接见全国各地到南京请愿的学生代表,说明政府对“九一八事变”的处置立场

据改组派骨干披露,当时汪精卫一系的“改组派控制了全国学联”

显然,一方面,蒋在日记中对学生抗日请愿的评价,过于负面,对学生爱国热情的肯定远远不足。广东快乐十分但另一方面,蒋判断一系列学生请愿运动背后,有“反动派”如胡汉民、汪精卫等人操纵,却非虚言。据汪精卫系改组派骨干人物姜豪披露:

广东快乐十分 “CONGYIJIUERBANIAN‘WUSA’CANANKAISHI,DAOYIJIUSANYINIAN‘JIU·YIBA’DONGBEISHIBIANFASHENGHOUWANGJIANGHELIUWEIZHI,ZAIZHEIYIDUANSHIJIANNEISHANGHAIXUESHENGHUIZUZHI,KONGZHIZAIGAIZUPAISHOULI,DANGSHIGEDAXUECHUXISHANGHAISHIXUELIANHUIDEDAIBIAO,DOUSHIGAIZUPAIDECHENGYUAN。……ZAIQUANGUOXUELIANZHONG,SHANGHAIXUELIANLILAIYOUJUYULINGDAODIWEI,……JIAZHIQITAGESHENGSHIDEXUELIANDAIBIAOZHONGYEYOUGAIZUPAIFENZI,YINCIGAIZUPAIKONGZHILEQUANGUOXUELIAN,YIZHIZUOWEIXUANCHUANFANJIANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOZHENDI。”⑥

广东快乐十分 JIANGHAOBINGSHUO:JIUYIBASHIBIANHOU,“GUOMINDANGNEIYI‘GONGFUGUONAN’WEIMING,SHIXING‘WANGJIANGHELIU’,SHIZHISHANGSHIWANGJIANGZHENGZHIFENZANG,CONGCIGAIZUPAIDEZHONGSHANGCENGRENYUANDANGUANXIANGQING,FENFENDAONANJINGZHENGFULIQUZUOGUAN,BIEDESHENMEDOUBUTAN,GAIZUPAIDEZUZHIYEWUXINGJIETI,XUESHENGYUNDONGDANGRANZHONGZHI。”——SUOWEI“WANGJIANGHELIU”,QIDAZHIJINGGUOSHI:1931NIAN12YUE15RI,JIANGJIESHIXUANBUXIAYE,GUOMINDANGYUE、NINGHELIU,GUOMINZHENGFUCHENGLISUNKENEIGE;1932NIAN1YUE28RI,JIANGJIESHIFUCHU,DANRENJUNSHIWEIYUANHUIWEIYUANZHANG,WANGJINGWEICHURENXINGZHENGYUANZHANG,SUNKEZHUANRENLIFAYUANYUANZHANG。——RUCI,JIBUNANMINGLE,HEYIJIANGJIESHIHUIZAI1931NIAN9YUE-12YUEJIAN,ZAOYUSHENGSHIZUIWEIQIANGLIEDEXUESHENGKANGRIQINGYUANYUNDONGDECHONGJI。ERZHIHOU,GAIYUNDONGYOUXUNSUYANQIXIGU。(CHACIYISHIQIJIANGJIESHIRIJI,YIYOUJIEJIANSHANGHAIKANGRIQINGYUANGONGRENZHIJIZAI。ERJUJIANGHAOPILU,CIYISHIQI,GAIZUPAIDUISHANGHAIGONGRENYUNDONG,YIYOUXIANGDANGCHENGDUDEBAKONG,DANZIWANG、JIANGHELIU,“SHENMEXUESHENGYUNDONG、GONGRENYUNDONGDOUMEIRENZAITILE”。)⑦

JUTIDAOXUESHENGQINGYUANHUODONGDEMOUXIEGEAN,YIBUNANKANCHUZHENGZHICAOZONGDEHENJI。ZHENDUIDANGRIZUIZHUMINGDEXUESHENGQINGYUANTUANTI“QINGNIANYUANMATUAN”——GAITUANFAQIZHEZHANGSHAOJIECHUSHENDONGBEIJUN,“YUANMA”,JIYUWANGDONGBEICANJUNYUANZHUMAZHANSHANZHIYI,CENGZAISHANGHAITAIGUANCHUZHENG——LUXUNCENGZHUANWENFENGCIDAO:“ZHONGGUOXIANZAIZONGSUANYOUYIDIANTIELULE,TAMENPIANYAOYIBUYIBUDEZOUGUOQU”,“TAMENZAICHANGZHOUWANSHUBI,YOUJIANMEINV,HEXINGRUZHI”,GANKAI“JIANGERSHISHIJIZHANSHIDEXIAOSHUO,……LIMIANDOUMEIYOUZHEIYANGDE‘QINGNIANTUAN’。”⑧

广东快乐十分 SHIRENYIPOLEJIEGAIZUZHIBEIHOUDEZHENGZHISECAI。《SHISHIZHOUBAO》CENGKANWEN《YUANMATUANGANXIESHENME?》,PILUGAITUANTUANZHANGZAISHANGHAI、NANJING,BUSHIJINTIANYEJIANZHANGFAKUI,BIANSHIMINGTIANJINJIANWANGJINGWEI、ZOULU——ZHEIXIEREN,QIASHIJIANGHAOSUOWEIDEGAIZUPAIDEZHONGJIANRENWU——QIEFENGCIDAO:DADUOSHUCHENGYUANBUZHUZHANGBUXING,TUANZHANGQUEJIANCHIBUXING,RUGUOYIBUYIBUZOUDAOHEILONGJIANGQU,KONGPAYAOSANNIANDESHIJIAN,HAIRUHEJIUGUO?⑨KEJIANSHISHINANLIAO,SHIQINGNANCE,MINGANLIANGCENGPI,BIAOLIBURUYI,TAISHANGZHUANZUHECAI,TAIHOUSUANJIZHONGZHONG。YUKUOQINGMIWU,DONGKUIXUANJI,NANYI。

九一八事变后,蒋介石在南京接见戎装要求北上抗日的青年学生九一八事变后,蒋介石在南京接见戎装要求北上抗日的青年学生

注释:

①JIANGJIESHIRIJI,1931NIAN9YUE19RI。ZHUANYINZICHUANDAOZHEN:《ZAILUNRIBENCHANJINGXINWENZHIJIANGJIESHIMILUDESHILIAOJIAZHI——YUJIANGJIESHIRIJIZHIBIJIAO》。②③④⑤YANGTIANSHI:《JIUYIBASHIBIANHOUDEJIANGJIESHI——DUJIANGJIESHIWEIKANRIJI》。⑥⑦JIANGHAO:《GUOMINDANGGAIZUPAIZAISHANGHAIDEHUODONG》。⑧⑨HANSHU:《YUANMATUAN:YICHANGHUTOUSHEWEIDEKANGRIBIAOYAN》。

XIANGGUANSOUSUO:

BANQUANSHENGMING:GUGONGLISHIWANGSHUYUGONGYIXINGWANGZHAN,BENZHANWENZHANGDUOWEIYUANCHUANG,BUFENSOUJIZIWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXIZHANZHANG,WOMENJIANGZAI24XIAOSHINEISHANCHU。

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