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揭秘蒋经国如何反思国民党丢失大陆

日期:2018-11-29 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

内战期间,蒋经国拟抛开国民党,依赖秘密组织反腐败反官僚

NEIZHANJU《BEIPINGWUZHANSHI》REBO,CONGBULUMIAN、ZHICUNZAIYUDIANHUAZHONGDE“JIANFENGTONGZHI”,YANRANCHENGLEGAIJUZHUJIAO——“JIANFENG”,NAIJIANGJINGGUOZHIBIEMING。NEIZHANQIJIAN,GUOMINZHENGFUMIANLINLIANGZHONGJIANNANRENWU:DUIWAI,YUCONGJUNSHISHANGJIBAIZHONGGONG;DUINEI,YUCONGZHENGZHISHANGSHUAXINXIUFU。“JIANFENGTONGZHI”DANGRIJIZHIQUANLIYUHOUZHE。ERQIZHUYAOSHOUDUAN,NAISHI“MIMIZUZHI”。

JIANGJINGGUOZUICHUNILIYONG“SANQINGTUAN”DELILIANG,YIKANGHENG、SUQINGGUOMINDANGDETANFU。“SANQINGTUAN”CHUANGJIANYUKANGZHANCHUQI,MINGYISHANGSUIFUSHUYUGUOMINDANG,DANSHOUJIANGJIESHIZHICHIZHANGQIDULIYUNZUO,YI“FANDUIDANGZHENGFUHUA”WEIQIZHENGZHISUQIU,RU1941NIANTUANZHONGYANGCENGFAWEN,HAOZHAOQUANTITUANYUANXIANGDANGJUJUBAOTANGUANWULI。①

KANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,DUILUNXIANQUZICHANDE“JIESHOU”BIANCHENG“JIESHOU”,TANFUZHIFENGGENGLIE。QISHI,JIANGJINGGUOYICHUREN“SANQINGTUANZHONGYANGGANXIAO”JIAOYUZHANG,ZAIQICEDONGXIA,1946NIAN9YUE,SANQINGTUANTONGGUOJUEYI,HAOZHAOQUANTITUANYUANFAQIYI“FANTANWU、FANGUANLIAO”WEIHEXINNEIRONGDE“SANFANYUNDONG”。②

广东快乐十分 CICI“SANFAN”,YOUDUINEI、DUIWAILIANGGECENGMIAN。DUINEI,YAOQIU“SHISHITUANYUANCAICHANZONGDENGJI”,QUANMIANQINGCHATUANYUANGERENZICHAN。DUIWAI,ZECHENGLIGEZHONGMIMIZUZHI,DIAOCHA、JIEFAGEDIDANGZHENGJUNTANFU,ZHUYAOJIZHONGLILIANGJIEFA“DAYUAN”。RUZAIPINGJINDIQU,CENGMIMICHENGLI“YANLIAN”,ZHISHUJIANGJINGGUOLINGDAO,“YAOBAPINGJINGEDIDEDATANWUAN,……CONGSUJIEFAJIJIAN”。③

广东快乐十分 DANKEXIDESHI,YIZHE,SANQINGTUANDANGRI,YIYONGBAIWANZHIZHONG,NEIBUZUZHIYIBUDANCHUN,CAICHANDENGJIZULIZHONGZHONG;ERZHE,SANQINGTUANJUQUANLIHEXINJIAOYUAN,ZAIJIEFA“DAYUAN”TANWUWENTISHANG,WANGWANGXINYOUYUERLIBUZU,RU“YANLIAN”SUIERWENZHUDUOGUANYUDISHIYIZHANQUSILINGZHANGGUANSUNLIANZHONGDETANFUSHIYI,DAN“ZHANGWODEQINGKUANGYOUBUJUTI”,WUFAJUBAO。④

YINZHONGZHONGPAIXIDOUZHENG,1947NIAN9YUE,SANQINGTUANBEICHEDIBINGRUGUOMINDANG。CINIAN4YUE,JIANGJINGGUOSUIYOUMIMICHENGLI“ZHONGZHENGXUESHE”。JUXUESHEFUSHUJIFANGQINGYANHUIYI,JIANGJINGGUOWEIGAIZUZHIFUYUDESHIMINGSHI:

“DANGQIAN,GUOMINDANGNEIBUFUHUA,ERGONGCHANDANGEHUA,DOUBUNENGCHENGGONG,WOMENZHUZHANG‘YICIGEMINGLIANGMIANZUOZHAN’,JIFANDUIGONGCHANDANGDEEHUA,YEFANDUIGUOMINDANGDEFUHUA,LIANGDAGEMINGBIQIGONGYUYIYI。……YAOWANCHENGZHEIGEWEIDAGEMINGSHIMING,JIUBIXUFAZHAN‘DISANZHONGSHILI’。”⑤

SUOWEI“DISANZHONGSHILI”,JIDULIYUGUOMINDANGZHIWAIDEMIMITUANTI。ZUIHEXINDEZUZHISHI“ZHONGZHENGXUESHE”,CANYUZHEJIN21REN,QUANBUYOUJIANGJINGGUOQINZIZHIDING。QIWAIWEIMIMIZUZHI,MINGYUE“TIEXUEJIUGUOTUAN”,CHUCHENGLISHIYOUCHENGYUAN50REN,HOUFAZHANZHI200YUREN,ZHUYAOSHIGEDAXUEFUYUANDEQINGNIANJUNXUESHENG。ZHEILIANGGEMIMIZUZHIZHIWAI,YOUJIANGJINGGUOZHANGKONGDEGONGKAIZHENGZHILILIANG,SHANGYOU“KANLUANJIANGUOZONGDUI”,YUEYOUSHUQIANREN。1948NIANJIANGJINGGUOSHANGHAI“DAHU”,ZHUYAOYIZHANGDE,JIUSHISHANGSHUZUZHIDELILIANG。⑥

1949年,蒋介石为祝贺蒋经国40岁生日题字1949年,蒋介石为祝贺蒋经国40岁生日题字

去台湾后,蒋经国反思既往,认为改革欲成功,须彻底抛弃旧组织

广东快乐十分 JIANGJINGGUODESHANGSHUZUOFA,JUNDEDAOLEJIANGJIESHIDEDALIZHICHI。JIANGSHIFUZIZHISUOYIXUANZECAIQUMIMIZUZHIDEXINGSHILAISHUAXINZHENGZHI,NAISHIJIYULIANGGECENGMIANDEFANSHENG。RUJIANGJIESHISUOYAN,QIYI,ZAIHONGGUANCENGMIANSHANG,“CICISHIBAIZHIZUIDAYUANYIN,NAIZAIYUXINZHIDUWEINENGCHENGSHUYUQUELI,ERJIUZHIDUXIANYIFANGQIBENGKUI。”——SUOWEI“JIUZHIDU”,NAISHIZHIGUOMINDANGYIDANGXUNZHENG,SUOWEI“XINZHIDU”,NAISHIZHI1947NIANGUOMINDANGZHENGSHI“XINGXIAN”,JIJIESHU“XUNZHENG”,KAISHISHIXINGMINZHUXIANZHENG。

广东快乐十分 QIER,ZAICAOZUOCENGMIANSHANG,“DANGZHENGERSHINIAN,DUIQISHEHUIGAIZAOYUMINZHONGFULI,HAOWEIZHUSHOU,ERDANGZHENGJUNSHIJIAOYURENYUAN,ZHIZHONGZUOGUAN,ERWEIZHUYISANMINZHUYIZHISHIXING。”“DANGYINGWEIZHENGZHIZHISHENJINGZHONGSHUYUJUNDUIZHILINGHUN,DANGUOQUDUIYUJUNZHENGGANBUWUSIXIANGLINGDAO,XUNZHIGANBUBENSHENWUSIXIANG,ERZAIXINGSHISHANG,DANGZHENGJUNSANZHONGGANBUHUXIANGCHONGTU,DANGYUJUNZHENGFENLI,SHIDANGLIYUJUNZHENGZHIWAI,NAIZHIDANGDEGANBUZIXIANGFENHUA。”——XIANRAN,SUOWEI“DANGYINGWEIZHENGZHIZHISHENJINGZHONGSHUYUJUNDUIZHILINGHUN”,HUANYANZHI,JIWANXIGUOMINZHENGFUWEINENGRUGONGCHANDANGNEIBAN,YOUDANGZHIDAOZHENGFU,YOUDANGZHIHUIJUNDUI,GUNIANGJIUCIDENGCANBAI。⑦

SHANGSHUFANSHENG,BEIJIANGJIESHIZHENGZHONGXIERURIJI,FUJIAOJIANGJINGGUOYUELAN;JIANGJINGGUOYUEHOU,YIJIANGQIZHENGZHONGCHAORURIJI,BINGWEI“ZHEISHISHIBAIJIYINDESHENKEJIANTAO,YISHIZHONGZHENGGEMINGDEZHENGQUENANZHEN,WOMENBIXUSUISHISUIDI、ZHICHENGZHIJINJIAYILINGLVE,FUYINGYULIXING。”⑧

广东快乐十分 JIRANJIUZHIDUYIBENGKUI,XINZHIDUWEIQUELI,QIEJIUGANBU“ZHIZHONGZUOGUAN”,TONGSHIWEIMIANQUBUBIYAODEZHENGZHENG,JIANGJINGGUOZIRANYEJIUZHISHENGXIALINGZAO“MIMIZUZHI”YITIAOLUKEYIZOU。JIANERYANZHI,JIGUOMINDANGYIBUKEJIUYAO,FEILINGQILUZAOBUKE。QIANTAIHOU,JIANGJINGGUOCENGDUIJIANGJIESHIMINGQUEJIANYAN,NENGFOUPAOQIGUOMINDANGJIUZUZHI,SHIGAIGENENGFOUCHENGGONGZUIGUANJIANDEXIANJUETIAOJIAN:

目前从事于新的组织,如不脱离本党之组织形态恐难于形成,而吾人在此时是否根本抛弃旧组织之决心,此实为组织之先决条件,盖一般青年对于本党已完全失望矣。”⑨

CIJIE,JIANGJIESHIYIBINGFEIBUZHI。ZAOZAI1937NIAN,JIANGJIESHIJIYIYOUPAOQIGUOMINDANGLINGZAOXINDANGZHINIAN,BINGXIWANGJIANGZHONGGONGNARUQIZHONG;KANGZHANSHENGLIQIANXI,GENGYOUPAOQIJIUGUOJUN,LINGZAOXIN“ZHIYUANJUN”,BINGQINZICHURENJUNZHANGZHIJIHUA。DANQIANCIZHONGZHONG,JIEWEINENGCHEDISHISHI,FANZOUSHANGLEYITIAODIECHUANGJIAWU,DANGNEIZAODANG,JUNNEIZAOJUN,JIAJUPAIXINEIHAODEQILU。⑩CONGZHEIYIJIAODUERYAN,BAITUITAIWAN,YUJIANGSHIFUZI,SHISHIBAITUOJIUKE、LINGZAOXINJUDELIANGJI。

1949年,撤离大陆前夕,蒋氏父子在溪口登山远眺故里景致1949年,撤离大陆前夕,蒋氏父子在溪口登山远眺故里景致

注释:

广东快乐十分 ①《WEIKEFUDANGQIANZHIKUNNANYUZHENGQUZUIHOUZHISHENGLIDUIQUANTITUANYUANZHIZHISHI》。②LINGWAI“YIFAN”NAISHI“FANDUIGONGCHANDANG”,CINAINEIZHANQIJIANGUOMINZHENGFUDEBIRANLICHANG,CICHULVEERBULUN。③④CANJIAN:LIUYAOZHANG《YIJIANGJINGGUOZAIHUABEIDE“FANTANWUYUNDONG”》;QULINGHAN《JIANGJINGGUODEXIAOZUZHI“YANLIAN”DEHUODONG》。⑤⑥CANJIAN:FANGQINGYAN《JIANGJINGGUODEMIMIHEXINLINGDAOZUZHI——ZHONGZHENGXUESHE》,WANGJIANXIN《“KANLUANJIANGUOZONGDUI”JI“QINGNIANJIUGUOTUAN”》DENG。⑦⑧JIANGJINGGUORIJI,1949NIAN1YUE22RI。⑨XIAORUPING:《JIANGJINGGUOCHUAN》,ZHEJIANGDAXUECHUBANSHE2012,P174。⑩CANJIAN:CHENXUBIN《JIANGJIESHIYINHESHIJINGBUXIQUXIAOGUOMINDANG?》,JINRIHUATILISHIBANDI154QI;CHENXUBIN《KANGZHANMOQIJIANGJIESHIWEIHEXIANGZUOJUNZHANG》,DUANSHIJIDI258QI。

XIANGGUANSOUSUO:

广东快乐十分BANQUANSHENGMING:GUGONGLISHIWANGSHUYUGONGYIXINGWANGZHAN,BENZHANWENZHANGDUOWEIYUANCHUANG,BUFENSOUJIZIWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXIZHANZHANG,WOMENJIANGZAI24XIAOSHINEISHANCHU。

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