广东快乐十分

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日本幕府时代介绍

日期:2017-10-18 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  幕府时期,始于1185年终于1867年共682年。以下是故宫历史网小编为大家整理的日本广东快乐十分幕府时代介绍,希望能帮到你。

日本幕府时代介绍

  日本幕府时代介绍

  幕府时期的开启者——源赖朝幕府是12世纪末至19世纪日本武家政治时期的最高权力机构。该词出自汉语,意为出征时的帐幕。12世纪末,日本进入由武士阶层掌管实权的“幕府时代”。19世纪中叶,英、美、俄等国家迫使日本签订许多不平等条约,民族矛盾和社会矛盾激化,实行封建锁国政策的德川幕府统治广东快乐十分动摇,具有资本主义改革思想的地方实力派萨摩藩和长州藩两藩,在“尊王攘夷”、“富国强兵”的口号下倒幕。1868年实行“明治维新”,废除封建割据的幕藩体制,建立统一的中央集权国家。[1]日本历史上曾有镰仓幕府(源氏幕府)、室町幕府(足利幕府)和江户幕府(德川幕府)。10世纪以后,公地、公民制解体,皇权式微,社会动乱,武士阶层随之崛起。1185年,关东源氏和关西平氏两大武士集团相争,前者胜,控制中央政权。

  1192年,源赖朝从朝廷取得征夷大称号,于镰仓置幕府,武士贵族专权自此始,天皇广东快乐十分形同虚设。1333年,镰仓幕府亡,政权复归皇室。1335,足利尊氏弟兄起兵镰仓,1336年,两度攻入京都,废后醍醐天皇,立光明天皇,设幕府于京都。1338年,北朝天皇授足利尊氏征夷大称号;1378年,第三代于京都室町街建新幕府,故名室町幕府。1573年,室町幕府亡。1600年,德川家康于关原(今岐阜县)之役击败反对派大名联军,权势日重;1603年,任征夷大,于江户(今东京)建幕府。1867年,德川庆喜被迫还政天皇。1868年1月,天皇政府军打败幕府军。4月,江户和平移交给政府军,幕府领地大部被没收。德川幕府亡。幕府历史至此结束。

  日本幕府时代基本简述

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广东快乐十分   RIBENGUDAIYOUZHUZHANGQIJUNRENGANZHENGDELISHI,JUNSHIQIANGRENYICHENGWEIZHENGYIDAWEIZHIXIANG,KAISHEMUFU,WEIJUNRENDEZUIGAOZHIHUIJIGOU。XINGSHISHANGQUDETIANHUANGSHOUQUAN,SHIWEIYIJUNSHITONGZHIJINXINGFENGJIANCAIYI,LINGJIAZHENGGUIDEWENRENZHONGYANGJIQUANZHENGFUJIGOU。YEKEYISHUOSHIYONG“XIETIANZIYILINGZHUHOU”DEFANGSHITONGZHIGUOJIA。

广东快乐十分   MUFUZHENGZHI(ばくふ)(Bakufu Politics,or shogunatepolitics)RIBENFENGJIANWUSHITONGGUOMUFUSHIXINGDEZHENGZHITONGZHI。YOUMINGWUJIAZHENGZHI。MUFUYICISHIZIGUDAIHANYU,ZHICHUZHENGSHIDEFUSHU。ZAIRIBEN,ZUICHUZHIJINWEIDAJIANGZHUSUO,ZHUANZHIWUSHISHOUNAOZHENGYIDA(JIANCHENG)FUDI,YIHOUYOUCHENGWEISHOUDEZHONGYANGZHENGQUANWEIMUFU。SHIYU1192NIANLIANCANGMUFUJIANLI,ZHONGJINGSHIDINGMUFU,ZHI1867NIANJIANGHUMUFUDEDECHUANQINGXIHAIZHENGYUTIANHUANG,MUFUZHENGZHIJIESHU。MUFUFU(20ZHANG)

广东快乐十分   “MU”YIZHIJUNDUIDEZHANGMU, ZHANGPENG;“FU”ZHIWANGSHIDENGSHOUFANGCAIBAOHEWENJIANDEDIFANG,JIANGHUSHIDAIZHONGQIYIHOUYIWEIBIANCHENGLEZHENGFUJIGOU。YOURENRENWEI“LIANCANGMUFU”HE“SHIDINGMUFU”SHISHISHANGSHIDANGDAIYONGCI; DANGSHIRENMENBINGWEICHENGHUGUOLIANCANGHESHIDINGZHENGFUJIGOUWEI“MUFU”。

  LIANCANGMUFU

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  SHIDINGMUFU

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  JIANGHUMUFU

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XIANGGUANSOUSUO:

BANQUANSHENGMING:GUGONGLISHIWANGSHUYUGONGYIXINGWANGZHAN,BENZHANWENZHANGDUOWEIYUANCHUANG,BUFENSOUJIZIWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXIZHANZHANG,WOMENJIANGZAI24XIAOSHINEISHANCHU。

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