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日本忍者历史简介

日期:2017-10-19 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  者是日本特有的一种特殊职业,简单的解释就是在古代日本一种受过特殊机构施以特殊"忍术训练"而产生出来的特战杀手、特战间谍。以下是故宫历史广东快乐十分网小编为大家整理的日本忍者历史简介,希望能帮到你。

日本忍者历史简介

  日本忍者历史起源发展

  “忍者”,简单的解释就是在古代日本一种受过特殊机构施以特殊“忍术训练”而产生出来的特战杀手、特战间谍。其所呈现的是属于“派系组织性的单位”形态。而这种“组织性的单位”有很多门派分布在日本各地,有官方及非官方性质的。基本上“忍者”这种产物的诞生其因素完全和日本古代“战国时期”这种客观环境有很大的关系。日本古代“战国时期”就如同早期中国的“春秋战国时期”一样,城邦分立,各自为政。到处都是兵荒马乱和充满血腥残酷的杀戮及无情的战火。而这些争权夺利互相斗争的诸侯及军阀们非常的迫切需要培养一批专业化的渗透部队能快速潜入敌后进行侦查、刺探、暗杀、扰乱及破坏等的间谍任务。“忍者”就是在这样充满动乱的险恶大环境中诞生出来的。

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  日本忍者历史名称沿革

  忍者这个称谓正式使用是在日本江户时代,但忍者的历史可以追溯到更加久远的年代。据说在日本首次派遣“忍者”完成任务的是圣德太子。在当时,忍者普遍被称为“忍”(shinobi),同时各个时代各个地区对忍者也有其特有的称谓:如飞鸟时代称为“志能便(shinobi)”,奈良时代称为“斥候”,战国时代叫法很多,其中流传最广是“乱波”,由武田信玄命名,而江户时代使用的就是和今天一样的“忍者”。

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