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韩国首都首尔的历史

日期:2019-06-27 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  首尔是韩国最大的城市,国际化大都市。正式名称为首尔特别市,前称为汉城。首尔位于韩国西北部的汉江流域,朝鲜广东快乐十分半岛的中部,是韩国的首都和政治、经济、科技、文化中心,不含溢出之卫星都市区、仅行政区内人口即达1000多万。下面小编给大家介绍韩国首都首尔的历史。

  SHOUERLISHICHAOGUOERQIANNIAN。ZICONGGONGYUANQIAN18NIANBAIJIGUODOUWEILICHENGSHIJIAN,JIUKAISHILETAZAICHAOXIANBANDAOSHANGZUOWEISHOUDOUDEDIWEI,CIHOU,JINRIDESHOUERYIZHIDOUSHIGAOJULI、BAIJIHEXINLUOSANJIABIZHENGZHIDI。

  首尔最早的名称是 南京,于高丽文宗23年(即1068年)时命名,到恭愍王时的1356年,开始迁都往南京,但其后中断。此后,在禑王、恭让王时亦再提及过迁都南京的事。

广东快乐十分   1392NIAN,CHAOXIANTAIZULICHENGGUIZAIKAIJING(JINKAICHENG)JIANLICHAOXIANWANGCHAO,1394NIANQIANDOU HANYANG,JIJINRIZHISHOUER。CIHOU,HANYANGYIZHIDOUSHICHAOXIANDESHOUDOU。RIJUSHIDAI,HANYANGJIANGGEWEIHANCHENGFU,ZHIDAOYUKAICHENGFUYITONGBEIBINGRUJINGJIDAOWEIZHI。

  1945NIANFUGUOHOU,ZAIDUCONGJINGCHENGGAICHENGWEI 서울,(YINGYISeoul)”。CHAOXIANZHANZHENGBAOFAHOU,YUAN HANCHENG(JINSHOUER)ZAICHAOXIANRENMINJUN、ZHONGGUORENMINZHIYUANJUNHELIANHEGUOJUNZHIJIANSIDUYISHOU。HANGUOGUANGFUZHIHOU,DULIZHENGFU1948NIANQISHIYONGHANYUGUYOUCI“서울”(YINYI:SHOUER),WUHANZIMINGCHENG。GUZHONGGUODENGJIXUSHIYONGLICHAOHANZIMING HANCHENGCHENGHU。

  1949NIANTISHENGWEITEBIESHIZHIHOU。SHOUERYEBUDUANXIANGZHOUBIANYUANSHUJINGJIDAODEDIQUKUOZHANG,ZHIDAO1973NIANWEIZHI。HANCHENGZAI1988NIANCENGJUXINGGUOAOYUNHUI,2002NIANYIYURIBEN DONGJINGHEBANSHIJIEBEI,HANCHENGCHENGBANLE2002NIANSHIJIEBEIZUQIUSAIDEKAIMUSHI。2005NIAN 1YUE19RI,SHIRENDELIMINGBOZHENGSHIXUANBU서울DEZHONGWENYIMINGGAIWEI SHOUER,BINGTONGZHIZHONGGUOZHENGFU。

  2005NIAN1YUE19RIQIYONGSHOUERWEIHANZIMINGCHENGQIANSHOUERSHICHAOXIANBANDAOWEIYIMEIYOUHANZIMINGDECHENGSHI。SHOUERSHIDAHANMINGUODESHOUDOU,YESHIHANGUOZUIDADECHENGSHI,RENKOUYIQIANDUOWAN,SHISHIJIEZUIDADOUHUIQUZHIYI。

韩国首都首尔的历史

  史前时期

广东快乐十分   ZAIGONGYUANQIAN5QIANNIANDAOQIAN3QIANNIANJIANJIUYIYOURENZAIJINRIDEJIANGDONGQUYANSIDONGDINGJU。

  传疑时期

  SHOUERWEIYUHANGUOXIBEIBUDEHANJIANGLIUYU,ZUIZAOWEICHUANYISHIDAIDEZHENFAN,CHENGUODENGHOUBEITONGCHENGWEISANHANBULUODEQIJUDI。 SHIJIYUN:“ZHENFANPANGCHENGUO。”

  汉晋时期

  HANWUDIMIEWANGWEISHICHAOXIANYIHOUZAIYUANFENGSANNIAN(QIAN108NIAN)ZAICICHUSHELIZHENFANJUN,YIXIELISHIXUEJIARENWEIJUNZHIZHAXIANZAISHOUERSHIYIDAI。SHOUERSUOZAIDEZHENFANJUNHOULAIWEIWEIJINSHIQIDEDAIFANGJUN。

  百济时期

广东快乐十分   JINTIANDESHOUER(SHICHENGHANCHENG)DONGNANZAIGUDAICENGJINGSHIBAIJIWANGGUODEDOUCHENG,CHENGWEILICHENG、HANSHANCHENG。SHISHUJIZAIBAIJIWANG“ZHENGTUZHUCHENG,ZUOLOUGETAIXIE,WUBUZHUANGLI”。BAIJIBILIUWANGERSHISINIAN,NEICHENZUOPINGYOUFUJUCHENGFANPAN,WANGFABINGTAOZHI。DANGRIDEWEILICHENGYIZHI,JIUZAIJINRISONGPOQUDEAOLINPIKEGONGYUANNEI。XIANSHIGONGYUANHAIYIYOUDANGNIANDESHUFUCHENGQIANG,BEICHENGWEIMENGCUNTUCHENG。ZHENPINGWANGSANSHINIAN,GAOJULIYIBINGLIUQIANGONGBAIJI,ZHANYUHANSHANCHENG,XINLUOZHUZHENLINGJIAZUSANQIANLAIYUAN,DAPOLIBING。

  统一新罗

  BAIJIWANGGUOZHIHOU,HANCHENGDIQUBEIXINLUOZHANLING,MINGZIXIANHOUGAIWEIHANSHANZHOU、HANYANGJUN。XINLUOXIANDEWANGSHIQINIAN,MINGZHOUJUNWANGJINZHOUYUANZIZHIZIJINXIANCHANGMOUPANYULIDOUYUHANYANG,BEIHANSHANZHOUDOUDUCONGMINGQINZHUZHI。

  高丽时期

  ZAIGAOLISHIQI,YOUYUHANYANGWEICHUYUCHAOXIANBANDAODEXINZANGDIDAI,LINJINHANJIANG,ZHANGWOLEGUOJIADEMINGMAI,SUOYI11SHIJISHIHANYANGBEIFENGWEIWANGJING(KAIJING)ZHIWAIDE“XIAOSANJING”ZHIYI。 GAOLIWENZONGERSHISANNIANCHUANGXINGONGYUNANJING。SUZONGYUANNIAN,DACHENJINWEIDIQINGQIANDOUNANJING。SUZONGLIUNIANZHINANJING,JIUNIANJIANCHENGNANJINGGONGQUE。ZHONGLIEWANGJIUNIAN,WANGYUGONGZHU(YUANSHIZUNV)LIEYUNANJING,CIHOULVCIXUNXING。XINWUWANGBANIAN(1382NIAN)BAYUEGAOLIQIANDOUHANYANG,JIUNIANERYUEHAIDOUKAIJING。GONGRANGWANGERNIAN(1390NIAN)YIPEIKELIANJIANXIUHANYANGGONGQUE,QIYUEQIANDOUHANYANG,MINGANZONGYUAN、YINHULIUSHOUSONGJING。SANNIANERYUE,GONGRANGWANGQIANDOUZHIHANYANG,HOURENGHAIDOUKAIJING。

  朝鲜时期

广东快乐十分   LICHENGGUIJIANLICHAOXIANWANGCHAOZHIHOU,JUEDEGAOLIDEWANGJING(JINCHAOXIANKAICHENG)WANGQIYIJINGSHIFENBORUO,YUSHIYOUQUANZHONGHE、ZHENGDAOCHUANDENGRENZEDINGJIADI,ZAI1392NIANKAISHIZAIHANJIANGZHIBEIDEHANYANGYINGJIANXINDOU。ZHEILISHANHUANSHUIBAO,BEIYOUBEIHANSHAN、BEIYUESHAN,DONGYOULUOSHANHELONGMASHAN,XIYOURENWANGSHAN,NANYOUNANSHANHEHANJIANGYINANDEGUANYUESHAN,HANJIANGZIDONGXIANGXIHUANBAOCHENGNAN,CHENGLONGSHASHUIXUE“SHANSHUIJINDAI”DESHANGHAOFENGSHUIGEJU。CHENGNEIDAXINGTUMU,YINGJIANGONGDIAN、ZONGMIAO、SHEJI、LIANGBANYASHU、DAOLU。1394NIAN,LICHENGGUIJIANGDOUCHENGCONGKAIJINGQIANYIDAOLEHANYANG(Hanyang,한양),BINGZHENGSHIMINGMINGWEIHANCHENG(Hanseong,한성)。ZAICHAOXIANWANGCHAOSHIQI,HANCHENGYOUCHENG“DOUCHENG”、“JING”。

  明清抗日

  1592NIAN,RIBENRUQINCHAOXIAN。RENCHENWEIGUOZHANZHENGBAOFA。5YUE2RI,LIUDOUDAJIANGJINMINGYUAN、FUYUANSHUAISHENKELVBINGQIANYU,TUNJICHUANTING,WANGJIANRIJUNSHENGSHIHAODA,BUGANJU,XICHENJUNQIYUJIANGZHONG,YIPIMAZOUTAO,ZHUJUNJIEKUI。JIATENGQINGZHENGLVLINGRIBENJUNDUIDUGUOHANJIANG,GONGZHANHANCHENG。RIJUNRUCHENGQIANHOU,HANCHENGZAODAOHENDADEPOHUAI。ZAIGUOWANGCHUTAOQIANXI,CHENGZHONGGONGDIAN、SHEJI、YASHU、CHENGMENYIJIGONGNEIZHENBAO、LIDAIDIANJI、WENWULIQIQUANBUBEICHAOXIANFANGMIANFENHUI,ERZONGMIAODUCUN。RIJIANGPINGXIUJIAZHANGSHENGRUCHENGHOUCENGCHUQIZHONG。HOUZHANGSHENGFENZONGMIAO,YIYUNANBIEGONG,ZHIHUIZHULUZHIWOXIANGBEIZHUIJI。1593NIAN4YUE,RIBENJUNDUICHEBINGNANXIA,LINXINGQIANJIANGCHENGZHONGRENMINTULUDAIJIN。SHINIAN11YUEXUANZUGUOWANGFANJINGSHI,GONGQUEJUJIN,JINGJIMANCHENG,BAIGUANYIQIANGBIYIZUO,BUDEBUYIYUESHANDAJUNJIUDIWEIXINGGONG,GUILINJUNJIAWEIDANEI,SHENYIQIANJIAWEIDONGGONG,GULINGXIANGSHENLIANYUANJIAWEIZONGMIAO,YIFUJINDAXIAOMINJIAWEIQUENEIGESI(CHENGSHIYUSUO)。GUANGHAIJUNSHIQIJIANGZONGMIAOHEGONGDIANZEYAOXIUFU。

  RENCHENWOLUANZHIHOU,HANCHENGYOUJINGLILEHOUJINJUN(1636NIANGAICHENGDAQING)DELIANGCIRUQIN,JIDINGMAOLULUANHEBINGZIHULUAN。BINGZIHULUANZHONG,RENZUYISHENQIYUANWEILIUDOUDAJIANG,TAOWANGNANHANSHANCHENG。HOUJINBINGZHIHANCHENGHOU,ZHUZHAYUMUHUAGUANZHINANMIAOYIDAI,HOUYOUYUXINGRENMENLIUTUN。HUANGTAIJIYANLINGWUDEQINLVECHENGZHONGRENMIN,DANHOUJINJUNDUICHELISHILVEZOULEDALIANGRENKOU、JINYIN、SHENGCHU。HOUJINJIANGLINGAMIN(SIDABEILEZHIYI)XIANMUCHAOXIANGONGDIANCHENGQUEZHUANGLI,YIDUBUYUANFANHUIMANZHOUKUHANZHIDI,BEIHUANGTAIJIYIYOUYITUERCAIJI。

  SUIZHEQINGCHAOJIAOMIENANMINGSHILI,RIBENDECHUANMUFUBANBUSUOGUOLING,DONGYADEZHENGJUPINGDING,HANYANGDEYIHUIFUXIRIDEFANRONG。ZAIYINGZU、ZHENGZUNIANJIAN,HANCHENGDERENKOUYIJINGFAZHANDAOLE30DUOWAN。LICHAOZHENGZUCENGJINGJIHUABASHOUDOUQIANDAONANFANGXINYINGJIANDESHUIYUANCHENG,DANSHIZUIZHONGYOUYUTIAOJIANDEXIANZHI,ZUIZHONGMEIYOUSHIXIANQIANDOUJIHUA。

  大韩帝国

广东快乐十分   CHAOXIANZAI1896NIANDE“JIAWUGENGZHANG”ZHIHOU,NIDINGLEYIGEHUANGDOUZHENXINGJIHUA。YINGENMENBEICHAICHU,BINGZAIYUANZHISHANGFANGZHAOFAGUOKAIXUANMENXIUZHULEXIYANGSHIDEDULIMEN。ZAICHENGNEIXIUZHULEDAOLU、JIAOTONG、ZHAOMINGSHESHIHEXINDEZHENGFUBANGONGJIGOU。1882NIANXIUJIANLEYOUZHENGZONGJU。1899NIANXIUJIANLEMINGDONGSHENGTANG。1900NIAN,ZAIDESHOUGONGNEIXIUJIANLEHANGUOZUIZAODEXIYANGSHIJIANZHU——SHIZAODIAN。1907NIANCHAICHULEHANCHENGNANBUHEXIBUDECHENGYUAN。

  日据时期

  RIJUSHIQI,JIANGHANCHENGDEMINGZIGAIWEIJINGCHENG(Gyeongseong,경성;Keijō,けいじょう),QIDIWEIYEYOUCHAOXIANZHONGYANGZHILIFUJIANGDIDAOLEJINGJIDAODEYIGEJUN。1910NIANRIBENTUNBINGCHAOXIANHOU,DUIJINGCHENGDESHIZHENGJIANSHEJINXINGLEDADAOKUOFUDEBIANGENG。

广东快乐十分   SHOUXIAN,RIBENDUILICHAOYUANYOUDELISHIJIANZHUJINXINGLEDAGUIMODEPOHUAI,CHAICHUJINGFUGONGNEIDEHONGLIMENHEZISHANTANGDENGDALIANGGUDAIJIANZHU,BINGJIANGJINGFUGONGZHENGMENGUANGHUAMENXIANGDONGQIANYI,ZAIQIYUANZHISHANGXINGJIANLECHAOXIANZONGDUFUJIQIFUSHUJIANZHUQUN,TONGSHIHAIJIANGQINGXIGONGGAIWEIXUEXIAO。1911NIAN2YUE,XUANBUYOUCHAOXIANZONGDUFUGUANXIAJUXINGJITIANYISHIDEYUANQIUTAN,SUIHOUYU1913NIANJIANGQICHAIHUI,ZAIGAIDIJIANLICHAOXIANZONGDUFUTIELUFANDIAN( XIANCHAOXIANFANDIAN)。RIBENZAIJINGCHENGSHINEIXINGJIANLEYIPIJIANZHU,RUJINGCHENGSHIZHENGTING、CHAOXIANYINXING、XIDAMENJIANYU、JINGCHENGDIGUODAXUE、BENDINGSHANGYEQUDENG。1922NIAN,CHAOXIANZONGDUFUJIANGSHEJITANGAIWEIGONGYUAN,1925NIANXIUJIANLE“JINGCHENGYI”(JINSHOUERCHEZHAN),ZAIHANCHENGNANSHANSHANGXINGJIANLERISHISHENSHE“CHAOXIANSHENGONG”。HANGUOYIXIEXUEZHERENWEI,HANCHENGSHIZHENGTING、CHAOXIANZONGDUFUHECHAOXIANSHENGONGDEPINGMIANFENBIECHENG“DA”、“RI”、“BEN”DEZIYANG,POHUAILEHANCHENGDEFENGSHUI。

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