广东快乐十分

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英国资产阶级革命家克伦威尔

日期:2019-11-18 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  奥利弗·克伦威尔(Oliver Cromwell)是英国资产阶级革命广东快乐十分家、政治家、军事家、宗教领袖,同时他也是英国历史中最具争议性的人物之一。1599年出生在英国的一个农业小镇亨廷顿。下面小编给大家介绍英国资产阶级革命家克伦威尔。

  人物生平

广东快乐十分   1599NIAN4YUE25RI,AOLIFU·KELUNWEIERJIANGSHENGZAIYINGGUODEYIGENONGYEXIAOZHENHENGTINGDUN。TADEFUQINSHIXIAOZHENSHANGDEYIGEZHONGDENGXIANGSHEN。KELUNWEIERDEZHENGGEJIATINGHUANJINGWANQUANSHIQINGJIAOTUSHIDE,TACONGXIAOJIUSHOUDAOQINGJIAOTUDEXUNTAO。HENGTINGDUNXIAOXUEYETONGYANGCHONGMANLEYANSUDEQINGJIAOTUQIFEN,ZHEIYIQIEZAIKELUNWEIERXINZHONGLIUXIALESHENKEDEYINXIANG。1616NIAN17SUIDEAOLIFU·KELUNWEIERJINRUJIANQIAODAXUE。KESHIYOUYUKELUNWEIERDEFUQINGUQU,ZHONGDUANLETAZAIDAXUELIDEXUEXI。

  1617年夏天,18岁的克伦威尔不得不辍学回家帮助母亲料理农庄,1620年8月克伦威尔同伦敦一个商人的女儿结了婚,开始全力以赴经营农业。当时英国正处于詹姆士一世昏庸统治时期,王权和 议会间的裂痕逐渐加大。1621年第三届会议上因下议院反对詹姆士同西班牙结亲,遭到詹姆士更加嫉恨,宣布禁止议会议论内外政策。这时由于国王女婿普法尔茨选侯弗里德里希在“30年战争”中失败,处境艰难,詹姆士强制借款干预战争,但却一败再败,迫不得已再开议会。然而一切已经来不及了,1625年查理当了国王。但查理一世的欺骗与伪善破坏了人们对他的信任。仅仅4年过后,国王与议会彻底决裂了。由于在对西班牙战争的态度上国王与议会发生严重的分歧,议会被解散。

  1626NIAN,YOUYUJIXUZIJINPOSHICHALIGUOWANGZHONGXINZHAOJIYIHUI,JIAZHICHONGCHENBAIJINHANDEDUIWAIZHENGCEJIELIANSHIBAI,GUONEIQIFENYUELAIYUEJINZHANG。GUONEIXINGSHIDEBIANHUAYESHIKELUNWEIERZAIBUDUANTANSUOZIJIDESHENGHUOLICHANG,KAOLVZIJIDESHIMING。DANGGUOWANGMINGLINGZAIHENGTINGDUNXUANJULIANGMINGDAIBIAOCHUXITADEDISANJIEYIHUISHI,KELUNWEIERRUYUANYICHANG,CHENGLEYIMINGYIYUAN,CONGCITADEDAOLUFASHENGLEGENBENSHANGDEBIANHUA。YIHUIYU1628 NIAN3YUEZAIWEISIMINSITEZHAOKAI。KELUNWEIERDIYICIZOUJINLEXIAYUAN,XIAYUANCHENGLETAXUEXIZHENGZHIDOUZHENGDEYISUOHAOXUEXIAO。ZAIYIHUIZHONG,KELUNWEIERKANDAOLEXUDUOYOUXIUYANSHUOJIA、FANDUIPAILINGXIU。YIHUIHEGUOWANGDEDOUZHENGJILIE。ZAIZANSHIXIUHUISIGEYUEHOU,YIHUIDIERCIHUIYIKAIMU,YIHUIDEZHUTIYEZHUANXIANGQINGJIAOTUSHIFENDANXINDEZONGJIAOWENTI。QINGJIAOTUDEDIANXINGRENWUKELUNWEIERZHONGYUANNAIBUZHULE,QINGQIUFAYAN。KELUNWEIERDEDIYICIFAYANJIANDUANERYOULI,MENGLIEDEPENGJILESHOUGONGTINGBAOHUDETIANZHUJIAO,ZHUZHANGBAOWEIQINGJIAOTUDELIYI。ZHEICIFAYANCHANSHENGLEHENDAYINGXIANG,XIAYUANDUOSHUYIYUANJUJUEFUCONGGUOWANGMINGLING,BINGQIETONGGUO《SANXIANGJUEYI》TIAN,FANDUITIANZHUJIAO,FANDUIGUOWANGRENYIZHENGSHUI。GUOWANGCHALIYISHIJINGKONGWANZHUANGXUNSUDIAOJIJUNDUIQIANGXINGJIESANYIHUI。ZUOWEIYIYUANDEKELUNWEIERYIKAISHIJIUJIANJUEWEIKANGGUOWANGDEZHIYI。

英国资产阶级革命家克伦威尔

  展露锋芒 夺取主动

  JIESANYIHUIHOU,CHALIYISHIKAISHILE11NIANDEMANZHANGDUCAITONGZHI。YIXILIEDUCAIZHENGCEYINQIRENMINQIANGLIEBUMAN,WEIJISIFU,QIYISICHAOMANYAN,SAOLUANCENGCHUBUQIONG。YINGGUOGEMINGXINGSHIJIANQUCHENGSHU。1628NIANYIHUIJIESANHOU,KELUNWEIERHUIDAOHENGYANDUNZUOQILESHENSHI。1636NIANKELUNWEIERQIANJUDAOYILICHENGJUZHU,CHENGWEIGAIJUNDEZUIDAXIANGSHENZHIYI。ZHEIJINIANLI, KELUNWEIERCHENGLEJIANQIAOJILINJUNZUISHOUHUANYINGDERENWU。KELUNWEIERYINGDESHENGWANGSHITONGTAQUELIDETONGZHUANZHIZHIDUDOUZHENGDESIXIANGFENBUKAIDE。GUOWANGCHALIYISHIDEQUANWEIBUDUANSHANGSHENG,RENMENDEFANKANGQINGXUYEBUDUANGAOZHANG,ZUIHOUZHONGYUDAOZHILEQIYI,POSHICHALIYISHIZAICIZHAOJIYIHUI,KELUNWEIERXINXINSHIZUDIZAICIZOUJINXIAYUAN。1638NIANSUGELANRENMINJUXINGLEQIYI。WEILEMUJIDAOQIANHEZHENYAQIYI,CHALIYISHIBUDEBUZHAOJIYIHUI,ZHEIJIEYIHUIZHONGDEJIJINPAIRENDING:GONGKAIFANDUIWANGQUANZHUANHENGDESHIKEDAOLE。LAIZIJIANQIAOJUNDEYIYUANXIANGSHENKELUNWEIERCHENGLEZHEIYIXIANGFADELINGXIURENWU。TAZAIBUDAOYINIANDESHIJIANLIBEIXUANJIN18GEGEZHONGYIHUIWEIYUANHUI,BINGQIECHENGWEIYIXILIECUIHUIYINGGUO“JIUZHIDU”GENJIDEZHONGYAOFAANDECHANGYIREN。 1640NIAN11YUE9RI,KELUNWEIERZAIYIHUIZHONGZUOLEFAYAN。KELUNWEIERZAIZHEICIYIHUIDIYICIHUIYIQIJIANZUIZHONGYAODEHUODONGSHICANJIALEXIANFAHEZONGJIAOWENTIWEIYUANHUIDEGONGZUO。

  AOLIFU·KELUNWEIER1642NIAN8YUE,YINGGUONEIZHANBAOFA。1642NIAN7YUE,KELUNWEIERSUQINGLEJIANQIAODEWANGDANG,SHIZHICHENGLEYIHUIDEJIANQIANGZHIZHU。9YUE,KELUNWEIERYIJUNXIANTONGLVYIZHI60MINGZHIYUANZHEDEQIBINGTUAN,ZHEIXIEWEISHUBUDUODEZIGENGNONGHOULAICHENGLEHEHEYOUMINGDE“TIEQI”DEHEXIN。ZHEIYISHIQIDEHUODONGHENKUAIBAKELUNWEIERTUIDAOLEGEMINGDEQIANTAI。1643NIANCHU,AIJISHANZHIYIDEKELUNWEIERCONGMINGBUJIANJINGCHUANDEQIBINGYUESHENGWEIQIBINGTUANSHOUNAO,JINGGUONULI,YIZHIXINXINGJUNDUI“TIEQI”JIANLIQILAILE。“DONGBULIANMENG”BUDUIZUICHUJICIZHANDOU,DOUSHIXIAOGUIMODECHONGTU,CONG5YUEDAO10YUEJIANJINXINGLESANCIZHANDOU———GELANSAMUZHIZHAN,GAIENSIBALEZHIZHANHEWENSIBIZHIZHAN,KELUNWEIERZAIZHEIXIEZHANDOUZHONGLILEHEHEZHANGONG,QILEXIANZHUZUOYONG。DANKELUNWEIERZAIYIHUIZHONGYIRANHAIMEIYOUQIDUODAZUOYONG,ZHANJUEDUIDUOSHUDEZHANGLAOHUIPAIYIZHIZHUZHANGTUOYANZHUHE,JIEGUOHOULAIDAOZHICHUQIYIHUIJUNSHILI。CONG1644NIANZHANSHIYIKAISHI,GUOWANGFANGMIANJIUKAISHIBULILE,ZHONGYUBAOFALELIANGCHANGJUEDINGXINGZHANYI:MASIDUNHUANGYUANZHANYI、NAXIBIZHANYI。JIU1643NIANZHANJUPANDUAN,JIHUZHENGGEYINGGUOBEIBUHEXIBU,JIGUOTUDESIFENZHISAN,LUORULEGUOWANGSHOUZHONG,SUIRAN“DONGBULIANMENG”JUNDUIZAIJUBUZHANDOUZHONGQUDEYIXIESHENGLI,DANYEMEINENGEZHIZHUGUOWANGSHILIDEFUSU。ZAIZHEIYANGQINGKUANGXIA,YIHUIKAISHIZHONGYONGKELUNWEIER。ZAIYIHUIDEZHICHIXIA,ZAIMASIDUNHUANGYUANZHANYIZHONG,KELUNWEIERYOUJIHUIZHUOYUEDIFAHUILETADETONGSHUAICAINENG。

  1644 NIAN7YUEKELUNWEIERLVLINGYIHUIJUNZUOTUYOUJI,ZHONGCUOWANGJUNDAHUOQUANSHENG。MASIDUNHUANGYUANYIYI,ZUIZHONGSHULILEKELUNWEIERDEJUNWEI。“TIEQIJUN”DECHENGHAOYEGUANGWEICHUANBO。BUJIUKELUNWEIERCHENGLILE“ XINMOFAN”JUN,KELUNWEIERDE“ TIEQI”CHENGLEHEXIN。TAZIJIHOULAIYECHENGLETONGSHUAI。1645NIAN6YUE14RI,KELUNWEIERLV“XINMOFANJUN”DABAIWANGJUN,ZHANYIYISHENGLIGAOZHONG。YIHOUDEJUNSHIXINGDONGZHUYAOSHISUQINGWANGDANGSHOUJUN。 1646NIAN5YUE,GUOWANGCHALIMIMILIKAINIUJINTOUBENSUGELANREN,NEIZHANJIESHU。

  徘徊歧路 出兵国外

  DUOQUSHENGLIDEYIHUIRENGRANSHOUZHANGLAOPAIKONGZHIQIEJUEQULEGUOJIAQUANBUQUANLI,ERDUODESHENGLIDEXIACENGRENMINMEIYOURENHESHOUHUO。ZHANZHENGSUIRANJIESHU,DANSHUISHOUZHENGCEMEIYOUGAIBIAN,JUNXIANGBEITUOQIAN,ZHEIYINQIJUNDUIHEQUNZHONGDEQIANGLIEBUMAN。YIHUIHEJUNDUICHONGTUKAISHILE。BUJIUYIHUIJUEDINGJIESAN“XINMOFAN”JUN,XIAOMIEBUFENSHIBINGDE“PANLUAN”。1647NIANXIA,SHIBINGHEJUNWAIDEXIACENGRENMINZHONGCHANSHENGLEYOUZUZHIDEZHENGDANG ———“PINGDENGPAI”。10YUE“ PINGDENGPAI”DIJIAO《RENMINGONGYUE》,YAOQIUJIESANZHANGQIYIHUISHIXINGPUXUAN。KELUNWEIERZAIPINGDENGPAIHEYIHUIZHIJIANSHITUDIAOJIE:YIFANGMIANXUNUO;LINGYIFANGMIANJIJIZHANWENZAIJUNDUIZHONGDEJIAOGEN。ZAIYUEJUNDAHUISHANG,MENGYAZHUANGTAIDESHIBINGQIYIBEIZHENYALE。JUNDUIYOUZHONGXINCHENGLILEDULIPAISHOUZHONGDEGONGJU。1648NIAN,YOUYUPINGDENGPAIYUNDONG,YINQIZHANGLAOPAIKONGHUANG,TAMENYUGUOWANGGOUJIE,ZHONGXINSHENGQIWANGQI,GEDIFENFENBAOFAWANGDANGPANLUAN,ERCINEIZHANKAISHI。PINGDENGPAIHEKELUNWEIERQUDELEXIEYI,KELUNWEIERDANRENLEBEIFANGJUNSHOUNAO,BINGYIJUJIKUILESUGELANJUNDUI。DAO8YUEDI,NEIZHANBIANXUANGAOJIESHU,GUOWANGCHALIZAICIBEIZHUAHUO。

广东快乐十分   1649NIAN1YUE,YIHUISHANGYUANXUANBUZIJISHIYINGGUOZUIGAOQUANLIDAIBIAOZHE,XIAYUANXUANBUZIJISHIGUOJIADEZUIGAOZHENGQUAN。YINGGUOSHISHISHANGCHENGLEYIGEGONGHEGUO。KELUNWEIERBEIRENMINGWEISHENPANGUOWANGDESHENPANYUANZHIYI。30RICHALIYISHIBEITUISHANGLEDUANTOUTAI,CONGCIKELUNWEIERXIANGHUGUOZHUDEBAOZUOYOUMAIJINLEYIBU。GEMINGHUODELESHENGLI,FENGJIANJUNZHUZHIDUBEITUIFANLE,5YUE19RI,YINGGUOXUANBUWEIGONGHEGUO。RANERZICHANJIEJIDIYIPISHENGLIGUOSHIQUEZHONGZHONGDELUOZAILEXIANGSHENHEGUIZUSHOUZHONG。WEILEWEIHUZIJIDELIYI,KELUNWEIERKAISHIBISHIRENMINQUNZHONG,TADONGYONGWULIXIANHOUZHENYALELONGQIBINGQIYIHEJUEDIPAIYUNDONG。1649NIAN8YUE1RI,KELUNWEIERYIAIERLANHEAIERLANJUNTUANZONGSILINGDESHENFENLVCHUANDUIHE1WANMINGSHIBINGLIKAISHOUDOU,FAQILEDUIAIERLANDEJINGONG。DAN1650NIAN5YUE,ZHANGMEIDAWAN,KELUNWEIERBEIZHAOHUIGUONEI。KELUNWEIERBEIRENMINGWEIGONGHEGUOZHENGGEWUZHUANGBUDUIDEZONGSILING,ZHONGXINPIGUASHANGZHEN,CHUBINGSUGELAN。JIEGUOSUGELANBINGBAI,CHENGWEIYINGGUOZHIMINDI。KELUNWEIERHUIDAOLUNDUN,SHOUDOUWEITAJUXINGLEKONGQIANLONGZHONGDEHUANYINGYISHI。CISHIKELUNWEIERDESHENGWEIDADAOLEDINGDIAN,BINGQIEYUANZHENGUOWAI。

  颠覆共和 维护集权

  1653NIAN,KELUNWEIERQUSANYIHUI,ZIREN“HUGUOGONG”。 1653NIAN12YUE12RI,ZAIYUMOUZHIXIA,YIHUIQUANBUQUANLIYIJIAOJIKELUNWEIER。ZHEIYANGGONGHEGUOCHEDIMIEWANGLE,WUXIANDEQUANLIJIZHONGDAOLAIKELUNWEIERSHOUSHANG。ZAILANBAIDECEHUAXIA,ZHIDINGLEXINXIANFA,KELUNWEIERBAMINZHENGQUANHEJUNSHIQUANLAOLAODIZHANGWOZHULE,DANXINXIANFADUITAYEJINLEYIXIEXIANZHI。1654NIAN2YUE16RIGENJUXINXIANFA,ZAIWEISIMINSITEGONGWEIKELUNWEIERDANRENYINGGELAN、SUGELAN、AIERLANHUGUOZHUYIZHIJUXINGLEZHUANGYANDE“DENGJI”YISHI。KAISHILETAJIANGJINSINIANDEHUGUOZHUSHENGHUO。KELUNWEIERZAINEIZHENGZHONGBIAOXIANCHUJIECHUDEZHIGUOCAIGAN。TADUIWANGDANGFENZISHIXINGLE“JIWANGBUJIU”DEZHENGCE;ZAIDUIWAIZHENGCESHANG,TONGGUOZHANGQITANPAN,1654NIANTONGHELANQIANDINGLE《HANGHAITIAOLI》,CIHOUTONGRUIDIAN、DANMAIDIJIELEYOULIDESHANGYUE。9YUEFEN,ZHAOKAILEHUGUOZHENGFUDIYIJIEHUIYI。1655NIAN,KELUNWEIERXIALINGJIESANLEQITUXIANZHIHUGUOQUANLIDEYIHUI。TAHAIXIANHOUPINGXILEWANGDANGSAOLUAN,FENSUILEPINGDENGPAIDEFANHUGUOQIYI。ZAIGUANLIZHONG,KELUNWEIERSHIPOYOUXINJIDE。1655NIANXIATIAN,TABAQUANGUOHUAFENWEI12GEQU,FENQUANGUANLI,RANGQIJUYOUQINGJIAOTESE,ZHIXUJINGRAN。

广东快乐十分   1656NIANXIATIAN,BANBUFEICHUQISHILINGDIZHIHEQUXIAOFENGJIANSHUIWUSHUDECHILING;FANGTONGCHALIYISHI,GAOYIXIESHANGPINZHUANMAIQUAN。DANCAIZHENGCHIZIRANGKELUNWEIERBUDEBUZAI1656NIAN9YUEZHAOKAILEDIERJIEYIHUI,YIHUISHANGKELUNWEIERTONGYIYIHUITICHUDEFEICHUZHIDU,YIHUIJUEDINGJIAMIANTAWEIGUOWANG。1657NIAN6YUE26RI,KELUNWEIERDENGSHANGLEGUOWANGDEBAOZUO。HUGUOZHENGFUDECAIZHENGZHUANGKUANGSHIFENWEIJI,GUONEIJINGJIZHUANGKUANGBUDUANEHUA,JIEJIMAODUNRIQUJIANRUI,KELUNWEIERSHIZHONGWEINENGWENDINGJUSHI。ERCISHIDEKELUNWEIERYI58SUI,JIANKANGZHUANGKUANGMEIKUANGYUXIA,1658NIAN9YUE3RIAOLIFU·KELUNWEIERKERANZHANGSHILE,XIANGNIAN59SUI。KELUNWEIERDESHIDAIGUOQULE,DANZHEIGESHIDAIYITAWEILINGDAODEZICHANJIEJIGEMING,CHENGWEIQIGUANGYAOSHICEDEWEIDAGONGJI。[3]

  身后不保 葬于母校

广东快乐十分   ZAIZHIHOUDE1660NIAN,CHALIERSHIJIWEI,TAJIANGKELUNWEIERDESHITICONGMAIZANGDELUNDUNXIMINSIJUECHULAI,BINGQIEJIANGQISHITIXIANGZHENGXINGDEJINXINGSHANGDIAO,ZAI1658NIANHAIJIANGQITOUBUBANGZAIZHUZIXIANGGONGZHONGZHANSHI。

  JUXI,KELUNWEIERDETOULUBEIDUOCIJINXINGMAIMAI,ZHIDAO1960NIANCAIZUIZHONGZHAODAOYIGEXIACHUMAIZANG,BEIZANGZAILEJIANQIAODESUSAIKESIXUEYUAN(Sidney Sussex College)DIXIA。

广东快乐十分   ZHEIZUOJIAOTANGYOUYIKUAIFEITONGYIBANDEBIAN,SHANGSHU:“YINGGUO、SUGELANJIBEIAIERLANZHIGUIZUBAOHUZHE,GAIXIAO1616~1617NIANXIAOYOU,AOLIEFU-KELUNWEIERZHITOULU,1960NIAN3YUE25RIMAIZANGYUCIZUOJINZHICHU。” JUXI,KELUNWEIERDEQIYUMIANMOBEIFANGZHIZAIWOLIKEGUBAOYIJILUNDUNBOWUGUANNEI。

  人物评价

广东快乐十分   KELUNWEIERDUILISHIDEZONGDEYINGXIANG,TADEZHONGYAOZUOYONGJIUZAIYUTASHIYIWEIJIECHUDEJUNSHIJIANGLING,ZAIYINGGUONEIZHANZHONGDABAILEBAOHUANGDANGJUNDUI。JIRANZAIKELUNWEIERCHULUFENGMANGZHIQIANDEZHANZHENGDECHUQI,YIHUIJUNZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZAODAOLESHIBAI,KANLAIYAOSHIMEIYOUTA,ZHEIZHIJUNDUIWANQUANYOUKENENGBUHUIQUDEZUIHOUDESHENGLI。KELUNWEIERSHENGLIDEJIEGUOSHIMINZHUZHIZAIYINGGUODEDAOLEQUELIHEGONGGU。

广东快乐十分   ZHEIZHONGJIEGUOBUNENGBEISHIWEIRENHESHIJIANZHONGDOUNENGCHANSHENGDE。ZAI17SHIJI,OUZHOUXUDUOGUOJIADOUZHENGZAICHAOZHEJUNQUANGENGJIASHENSHENGDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN;ERMINZHUZHIZAIYINGGUODESHENGLI,QUEDALUANLEZHEIYIJINCHENG,ZAISUIHOUDESHIJIANLI,YINGGUOMINZHUZHIDEBANGYANGDUIFAGUOQIMENGYUNDONG、FAGUOGEMINGHEZUIZHONGZAIXIOUJIANLIMINZHUZHIDOUSHIYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。HAIYOUXIANERYIJIANDESHI,MINZHUSHILIZAIYINGGUODESHENGLI,DUIYUZAIMEIGUOYIJIYINGGUOXIANQIANDEZHIMINDI,RUJIANADAHEAODALIYAJIANLIMINZHUZHIDOUQIDAOZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。SUIRANYINGGUOZAISHIJIESHANGSUOZHANLINGTUHENXIAO,DANSHIMINZHUZHIQUECONGYINGGUOYONGXIANGSHIJIEDEQITADEYIBUFENDIQU。

广东快乐十分   DIYI,YINGGUOZICHANJIEJIGEMINGLIJINGJINBANGESHIJIDEDOUZHENG,ZUIZHONGYI“GUANGRONGGEMING”DEXINGSHIWANCHENGLEGEMINGRENWU。MALIHEWEILIANSANSHISUIRANRENGSHUYUSITUYATEJIAZU(HOUWEIHANNUOWEIJIAZU),DANSHI,ZUOWEIFENGJIANZHUANZHITONGZHIDEJUNZHUZHIYIJINGBEITUIFANLE。DIER,ZHEICIGEMINGDUIYINGGUOBENSHENDEYINGXIANGHENDA,TAWEIZIBENZHUYIJINGJIDEFAZHANTIGONGLEBAOZHENG;WEIZIBENZHUYIZHENGZHI、JINGJIZHIDUDEJIANLIKAIPILEDAOLU。DISAN,YINGGUOZICHANJIEJIGEMINGDUISHIJIECHANSHENGLEGUANGFANDEYINGXIANG,TASHIRENLEISHEHUIFAZHANDEBIRANFANYING,DAIBIAOLESHEHUIFAZHANDEFANGXIANG,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGFANYINGLEDANGSHIZHENGGESHIJIEDEYAOQIU,CONGCI,OUZHOUHESHIJIEQITADIQUYIXIEGUOJIADOUZAIQIYINGXIANGXIA,JINXINGLEBUTONGXINGSHIDEGEMING,SHISHIJIELISHIJINRULEYIGEXINSHIDAI,JIZICHANJIEJIGEMINGDEXINSHIDAI。

XIANGGUANSOUSUO:

BANQUANSHENGMING:GUGONGLISHIWANGSHUYUGONGYIXINGWANGZHAN,BENZHANWENZHANGDUOWEIYUANCHUANG,BUFENSOUJIZIWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXIZHANZHANG,WOMENJIANGZAI24XIAOSHINEISHANCHU。

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