广东快乐十分

- 繁体中文 - 标签大全 - 今天是历史年表 - 历史上的今天故宫历史网(jimiao68.com)古今中外历史故事 探寻解密历史秘闻
您的当前位置:广东快乐十分 > 世界历史 > 欧洲历史 > 爱尔兰和英国的历史

爱尔兰和英国的历史

日期:2019-11-18 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  以信奉旧教的老英国人和盖尔族爱尔兰广东快乐十分人为一方,以信奉新教的新苏格兰人(包括其他新定居者)为另一方,双方开始争夺至高权,整个这个时期,经过无数次此起彼伏的争斗

  爱尔兰早在7000多年前就有人居住了,7000多年来,她经过多次入侵和侵略,结果形成了她丰富而复杂的世系和传统。第一批定居者主要是来自英国的猎人,他们广东快乐十分带来了中石器时代的文化。大约在公元前3000年的时候,追随他们而来的农民,在这里饲养动物和耕种土地。在这些新石器时代的定居者之后,也就是公元前2000年左右,来了探矿者和金属制造工。

  到公元前6世纪广东快乐十分时,一波又一波来自欧洲的凯尔特入侵者开始达到爱尔兰。凯尔特人虽然在政治上从未统一爱尔兰,但他们统一了爱尔兰的文化和语言。

  GONGYUAN5SHIJI,JIDUDOUKAISHIJINRUAIERLAN。CHUANTONGSHANG,RENMENBAZHEIGUIYUSHENG·PATELIKEDEGONGLAO,JINGUANYOUZHENGJUBIAOMING,ZAOZAITADAOLAIZHIQIANAIERLANDAOSHANGJIUYOULEJIDUTU。YUDADUOSHUXIOUGUOJIABUTONG,AIERLANCONGWEIJINGLIGUOZHONGSHIJIZAOQIDEYEMANRUQIN,SUOYI,ZAI6SHIJIHE7SHIJI,YISIYUANWEIZHONGXINDEAIERLANYISHU、XUESHUHEWENHUADEDAOLEKONGQIANFANRONG。ZAIGONGYUAN800NIANQIANNEIDUANSHIQI,AIERLANSENGRENJIOUZHOUDEHENDUODIFANGDAIQULEJIDUJIAO。

  ZAI9SHIJIDAO10SHIJIQIJIAN,AIERLANJINGCHANGSHOUDAOSIKANDENAWEIYARENDEXIJI。DANTAMENTONGSHIYESHISHANGREN,WEIFENGFUDOUBOLIN、KEKEHEWOTEFUDEDESHENGHUOZUOCHULEGONGXIAN。1014NIANSIKANDENAWEIYARENZAIKELONGTAFU(Clontarf)BEIAIERLANWANGBULAIEN·BORU(Brian Boru)DABAI,CIHOUSIKANDENAWEIYARENDEYINGXIANGZHUJIANXIAOTUI。

爱尔兰和英国的历史

  ZAI12SHIJI,YIQIANDINGJUYUSUGELANHEWEIERSHIDENUOMANDIRENDIDAAIERLAN。CISHIDEAIERLANYIJINGZOUSHANGJIANLIYIGEYOUYIGEJUNWANGJIZHONGTONGZHIDEGUOJIADEDAOLU,ZHEIXIERENDEDAOLAIPOHUAILEZHEIGEJINCHENG。NUOMANDIRENHENKUAIJIUZHANGWOLEAIERLANDABUFENDIQUDEKONGZHIQUAN,ZHEIXIEDIQUHOULAIZHIYULESUGELANGUOWANGDEZHENGZHIYINGXIANGZHIXIA。

广东快乐十分   ZAISUIHOUDE400NIANLI,NUOMANDIRENHETAMENDEHOUYIZAIAIERLANDEYINGXIANGYUELAIYUEDA。DANSHI,GAIGUODEHENDUODIQURENGRANZHANGWOZAIAIERLANRENDESHOUZHONG,DAO16SHIJICHU,YINGGUOCHUXIANLEGUANGWEILIUCHUANDEKONGJUGAN,NEIJIUSHIYINGGUODEYINGXIANGYOUWAJIEDEWEIXIAN,YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEIGAIERZURENDERUQIN,LINGYIFANGMIANSHINUOMANDIDINGJUZHEDEZHUJIANGAIERHUA。

  盖尔族爱尔兰的逐渐衰落

  ZHEIDUANSHIJIANYINGGUODEZONGJIAOBIANGEDUIAIERLANCHANSHENGLEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG。HOULAIBEICHENGWEILAOYINGGUORENDEAIERLAN,JINUOMANDIDINGJUZHEDEHOUYI,DUIYIJINGDAOZHILEAIERLAN(YINGGUO)GUOJIAOCHENGLIDEXINJIAOGAIGEJIBENSHANGCHIDIDUITAIDU。CIWAI,AIERLANZUOWEIYIGEJIKAOJINBULIEDIANYOUKAOJINDALUOUZHOUDEDAOYU,CHUYUZHONGYANGZHANLVEYAODIDEDIWEI,YINCIHENKENENGCHENGWEIYINGGUOBUMANZHEHUOWAIGUODIRENDEJUDIAN。ZHEISHIJIEJUEAIERLANWENTIJUYOUJIGESHIJIYILAIBUCENGYOUGUODEJINPOXING。

  ZUOWEIDUIZONGJIAOFENQIHEDUIYINGGUOGUOWANGCONGBULIEDIANYINRUXINDINGJUZHEDEFANYING,GAIERZURENZAIAIERLANFADONGLEYIXILIEPANLUAN。TAMENDEFANKANGZUIZHONGBEIYAZHI,DAOLE1603NIAN,ZUIHOUYIGEGAIERZUBAOLEI,WUERSITAI(Ulster)YEBEIGUIRUYINGGUOGUOWANGDETONGZHIZHIXIA。HOULAIBAHENDUOYINGGUOHESUGELANDINGJUZHEDAIDAOLEWUERSITAIDEWUERSITAIZHONGZHIYUAN,DUIGAISHENGDEZONGJIAOHEZHENGZHIGEJUCHANSHENGLECHIJIUDEYINGXIANG。 AIERLANZAI17SHIJIDEZHENGZHISHI,YUYINGGUOHESUGELANFASHENGDESHIJIANYOUZHEMIQIEDELIANXI,QIZHONGBAOKUONEIZHAN、AOLIFU·KELUNWEIER(Oliver Cromwell)QIYI、CHAERSIERSHIFUPI、RANGWEILIANMUHEMALIDENGSHANGYINGGUOWANGWEIDEGUANGHUIGEMING(1688NIAN)。

广东快乐十分   YIXINFENGJIUJIAODELAOYINGGUORENHEGAIERZUAIERLANRENWEIYIFANG,YIXINFENGXINJIAODEXINSUGELANREN(BAOKUOQITAXINDINGJUZHE)WEILINGYIFANG,SHUANGFANGKAISHIZHENGDUOZHIGAOQUAN,ZHENGGEZHEIGESHIQI,JINGGUOWUSHUCICIQIBIFUDEZHENGDOU,ZUIHOUZAIBOYINAI(1690NIAN)HEAOGELIMU(Aughrim)(1691NIAN)ZHANYIZHONGCHENAILUODING。LAOYINGGUORENHEGAIERZUAIERLANRENBEIDABAI,SUIHOU,TAMENDELINGDAORENHEZHUISUIZHE(‘YEE’)DADUOLIKAIAIERLANQUGUOWAIJIXUTAMENDEJUNSHI、ZONGJIAOHUOSHANGYESHENGYA。CHENGLEGUOJIAODEXINJIAOTULONGDUANLEZHENGZHIQUANHETUDISUOYOUQUAN,BINGZHIDINGLEQISHIJIUJIAO(TIANZHUJIAO)DEXINGFA。

  十八世纪

广东快乐十分   AIERLANDEJINGJIZAI18SHIJIDEDAOLEHENDADEFAZHAN。YAMASHENGYIXINGLONG,TEBIESHIZAIWUERSITAI,AIERLANYANGMAO、NIUROU、HUANGYOUHEZHUROUYESHIZHONGYAODECHUKOU。XINJIAOSHILIZHUJIANBAZIJIKANZUOSHIAIERLANMINZUDEDAIBIAO,BINGFAZHANCHENGLECHONGMANHUOLIHEDUJUTESEDEYIHUICHUANTONG。CHIXUDEAIERLANYIMINCHAOYESHIYU18SHIJI,CHENGQIANSHANGWANDEZHANGLAOHUIJIAOYOUHESHULIANGJIAOSHAODEJIDUTUQIANWANGXINDALU。 ZI18SHIJI60NIANDAIKAISHI,YINGGUOYUTAZAIBEIMEIDEZHIMINDIZHIJIANDEFENQIRIYIKUODA,CUCHENGLEJIJINAIGUOZHUYICHUANTONGDEXINGCHENG,ZAI“FAGUODAGEMING”DEYINGXIANGXIA,ZHEIZHONGAIGUOZHUYICHUANTONGZUIZHONGCHANSHENGLELIANHEAIERLANRENSHEHUI(Society of United Irishmen)。1789NIAN,LIANHEAIERLANRENSHEHUIZAIAIERLANJUXINGLEYICIQIYI,SUIRANZHEICIFANPANLIUXIALEYIXIEZONGPAISECAIDEBAOLIYINJI,DANQIYIDEMUBIAOSHIYAOCHENGLIYIGEDULIDEAIERLANGONGHEGUO,RANGSUOYOUZONGJIAOXIANGSHOUPINGDENGDIWEI。ZHEICIQIYIBEIZHENYAHOU,1800NIANDE《HEBINGFA》ZAIYINGGUOHEAIERLANZHIJIANCHENGLILEWANQUANDEYIHUILIANMENG。

广东快乐十分   RANER,DAOZHEISHIYINGGUOHEAIERLANDECHAJUQUEYUELAIYUEDA,YOUQISHIZAIJINGJIHERENKOUFANGMIAN。YINGGUOZAIXIANGGONGYEHUAHECHENGSHIHUAFAZHANDETONGSHI,AIERLAN(CHUWUERSITAIWAI)SHIJISHANGLIGONGYEHUAYUELAIYUEYUAN,XUNSUZENGJIADERENKOUZHONGJUEDABUFENYUELAIYUEYILAITUDOUWEISHENG。19SHIJI40NIANDAIMO,YOUYUTUDOULIANNIANDAGUIMOQIANSHOU,FASHENGLEYICIBEICANDEDAJIHUANG:100WANRENESI,LINGYOU100WANRENTAOCHUAIERLAN。10NIAN(1846-1856)ZHINEI,AIERLANRENKOUJIANSHAOLESIFENZHIYI(JI800DAO600WAN),SUIZHEYIMINHAIWAICHENGWEIAIERLANSHEHUIDEXIANZHUTEZHENG,AIERLANRENKOUHOULAIYOUJINYIBUJIANSHAO。

  在政治方面,追求旧教解放(从18世纪末期开始,刑法逐渐放松,1829年,由丹尼尔·釉康乃尔(Daniel O'Connell)领导的旧教赢得了参加议会的权利)在19世纪初期居支配地位。此后,进行了一连串改革或解散大不列颠与爱尔兰联盟的活动。“大饥荒”不仅是惨烈的人间悲剧和社会经济分水岭,而且有着意义深远的政治影响。在广大民众的心目中,应对不列颠政府提起诉讼,大多数爱尔兰选民寻求某种形式自治广东快乐十分的愿望变得更加强烈。在“大饥荒”后的几十年里,爱尔兰地主也受到了政治和经济的双重压力。至20世纪初,经历持续不断的农民动乱,终于通过了诱使大地主把土地出售给佃户的立法。为佃户提供贷款,肥使他们有能力购买自己的租借地。

  DANSHI,ZIZHIHUOZHESHUO“DIFANGZIZHI”DEWENTIRENGRANMEIYOUJIEJUE:DANNIER·AOKANGNAIERHEAISAKE·BATE(Issac Butt)ZAI19SHIJI40NIANDAIHE19SHIJI70NIANDAISUOZUODENULIMEIYOUSHENMEJIEGUO。DANSHI,19SHIJI80NIANDAI,ZAICHAERSI·SITUERTE·PANAIER(Charles Stewart Parnell)DELINGDAOXIA,AIERLANYIHUIDANGBAAIERLANWENTIRUDAOLEYINGGUOZHENGZHIDEZHONGXIN。1886NIAN,W.E.GELEISIDUNLINGDAODEZIYOUDANGZHONGYUZHICHIAIERLANSHIXINGYOUXIANXINGSHIDEZIZHI。

广东快乐十分   “DIFANGZIZHI”DEQIANJINGCIJILEAIERLANDETONGYIZHUYIZHE。TAMENZHUYAOSHIXINJIAOTU,ZHANWUERSITAISHENGDEDUOSHU。YUYINGGUONEIXIEHAIPAAIERLANDIFANGZIZHIKENENGDAOZHIDAYINGDIGUOFENLIEDETONGMENGZHEYIDAO,TONGYIZHUYIZHEKAISHIZUZHITONGGUO“DIFANGZIZHI”FAAN。JINGUANRUCI“DIFANGZIZHIFAAN”ZUIZHONGHAISHIZAI1914NIANHUODELETONGGUO。

  XUNQIUDULI

广东快乐十分   ZAIYIZHONGRIYIJUNSHIHUADEFENWEIZHONG,MIMIZUJIANDEZHUNJUNSHIBUDUI(BEIAIERLANZHIYUANJUNHEAIERLANZHIYUANZHE)KAISHILEXINGJUNHECAOLIAN,ERZHEZHIJIANDEDIDUIZHIZAIBAOFADIYICISHIJIEDAZHANHEYOUCIDAOZHIDE“DIFANGZIZHI”TUICHIQIJIANCHENGYOUHUANHE。DIYICISHIJIEDAZHANGAIBIANLEYIQIE:1916NIANZAIXUANBUDOUBOLINCHENGLIYIGEGONGHEGUO,BINGFADONGLEYICIWUZHUANGQIYI。MINZHONGZUICHUDUIZHEICIQIYIDEZHICHILVJIDI,QIYIZUIZHONGZAODAOZHENYA。DANTADEZHICHIZHE,CHONGFENLIYONGLEGONGZHONGDUICHUJUEQIYILINGDAORENDEYANEQINGXUHEDUIDIYICISHIJIEDAZHANZHONGYINRUDEAIERLANBINGYIZHIDEFANDUITAIDU,ZAI1918NIANDEDAXUANZHONGHUODELESHENGLI。NEICIDAXUAN,TAMENYIYADAODUOSHUJIBAILEZHENGQU“DIFANGZIZHI”DEYIHUIDANG。

广东快乐十分   ZHEICIXUANJUDEHUOSHENGZHE,XINFENDANG(YIWEI‘WOMENZIJI’),CHENGLILEDIYIGEDali(YIHUI),SUIHOUBAOFALEMINZUDULIZHANZHENG。ZHI1921NIANQIANDING《YINGAITIAOYUE》SHI,DONGBEIWUERSITAIDE6GEJUN,HAIYOUDANGSHIYUESANFENZHIERDETONGYIZHUYIZHEDUOSHUPAI,YIJINGZUJIANBEIAIERLANZHENGFU。QIANDING《YINGAITIAOYUE》DEJIEGUOSHI,QIYU26GEJUNZUCHENGZAIYINGDIGUONEIBUXIANGYOUZIZHILINGYUDIWEIDEAIERLANZIYOUGUO。ZIYOUGUOCHENGLIBUJIU,JIUZAINEIXIESHI《TIAOYUE》TIGONGLEYOUXIAOZIZHIDERENHENEIXIEJIANCHIYAOCHENGLIYIGEWANQUANGONGHEGUODERENZHIJIANBAOFALEYICIDUANZANDENEIZHAN。ZHEICINEIZHANJINGUANDUANZAN,QUEZHUDINGYAOZAIHOULAIDEJISHINIANYINGXIANGRENMENDETAIDUHEQUEDINGZHENGZHILICHANG。

  AIERLANGUO

广东快乐十分   XINZIYOUGUODEDIYIJIEZHENGFUSHOUNAOSHIHOULAIDE‘Fine Gael’DANG‘Cumman na nGaedheal’DEW.T. KESIGELAFU(Cosgrave)。CONG20SHIJI30NIANDAIQI,YIMENG·WALELA(Eamon de Valera)CHENGLIDE‘Fianna Fail’DANGYIZHIZHIPEIZHEAIERLANZHENGZHI。1955NIAN,AIERLANHUOZHUNJIARULIANHEGUO(UN),1973NIAN,AIERLANJIARULEXIANZAIDEOUZHOULIANMENG(EU)。XINJINGJIFAZHANZHENGCEDAILAILESHIZHIXINGDEXUNSUFAZHAN。YUOUZHOUQITAGUOJIAYIYANG,LIANHEZHIZHENGZAIAIERLANYICHENGPINGCHANGSHI,TONGCHANGSHILIANGGEJIAODADEZHENGDANGZHIZHONGDEYIGEYULAODONGDANGHUOJINBUMINZHUDANGZUCHENGZHENGFU。

  ZAIAIERLANYU1922NIANHUODEDULIHOUDEQIAN20NIANLI,ZIYOUGUOJINXINGLEJIGOUHEBING,BINGXINGCHENGLEZHENGZHIWENDINGDECHUANTONG。1937NIANDEXIANFAHE1948NIANDE《AIERLANGONGHEGUOFAAN》,QIEDUANLEAIERLANYUYINGGUOZUIHOUDEZHENGSHILIANXI。ERCIDAZHANQIJIAN,AIERLANBAOCHIZHONGLI,TABUSHUYURENHEJUNSHITONGMENG。

XIANGGUANSOUSUO:

广东快乐十分BANQUANSHENGMING:GUGONGLISHIWANGSHUYUGONGYIXINGWANGZHAN,BENZHANWENZHANGDUOWEIYUANCHUANG,BUFENSOUJIZIWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXIZHANZHANG,WOMENJIANGZAI24XIAOSHINEISHANCHU。

站长邮箱:admin@mingre.com / 历史交流QQ群:38175555 / 网站地图

Copyright © 2017-2019 jimiao68.com., All Rights Reserved. 故宫历史网 版权所有 渝ICP备17004455号 广东快乐十分 渝公网安备50010702502050号

返回顶部
Top