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埃及金字塔历史介绍

日期:2018-06-04 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

  编者按:胡夫死后不久,在他的大金字塔不远的地方,又建起了一座金字塔,这是胡夫的儿子哈夫拉的金字塔,它比胡夫的金字塔低3米,但由于它的地面稍高,因此看起来似乎比胡夫的金字塔还要高一些,塔的附近建有一个雕着哈夫拉的头部而配着狮子身体的大雕像,即所谓狮身人面像。

  埃及金字塔始建于公元前2600年以前,共有一百多座,大部分位于开罗西南吉萨高原的沙漠中,是世界公认的“古代世界七大奇迹”之一。

  埃及最大、最有名的是祖孙三代金字塔——胡夫金字塔、哈夫拉金字塔和门卡乌拉金字塔,其中,又以胡夫金字塔最为壮观,它相当于一座五十多层的大楼,据说有十万人头顶烈日在监工的皮鞭下劳动,用了十年的时间修筑石道和地下墓穴,又用了二十年时间才砌成塔身,整个工程历时三十多年,一般认为,金字塔是古埃及法老(国王)的陵墓。

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埃及金字塔历史介绍

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