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探秘民间流传的求爱巫术确有其事?

日期:2019-01-19 来源:故宫历史网 编辑:阿名 阅读:

 爱药又称相思药,曾是过去人们行使求爱或致爱巫术的媒介,它与巫蛊一样,也是民族学的一个未解之谜。在民俗调查中,能听到各种有关爱药的神奇传说。多数说的是,一旦一位男子掌握了爱药,他就会把药投放在意中人的饭碗里,或者放在枕下或衣角上。凡是被施了爱药的女子,不管她原来愿不愿意和这个男子交往,此时都会发疯似地追求这个男子,直到美梦成真才罢休。这些传说一般都讲得有名有姓,神乎其神。

 

 

 

 (一)壮族爱药

广东快乐十分  1987NIAN,BIZHEZAIGUANGXIJINGXIXIANBOWUGUANTINGLIUSHURI,ZOUFANGLEYIXIEXIANGCUNDIFANG。ZHEILISHIZHUANGZUJUJUQU,YOUSHIBAOLIUZHUANGZUCHUANTONGWENHUAZUIDUODEDIFANG。WOTONGGAIGUANGONGZUORENYUANLINGSHUDONGDUIZHUANGZUDEAIYAOZUOLEYIXIEDIAOCHA。

广东快乐十分  ZHUANGZUCHENGAIYAOWEI“MEN”,YIWEIMIHUN、GOUHUNZHIYAO。JUSHUOBAAIYAOSHIJIMOURENHOU,GAIRENZAISHENTAISHANGBIANHUISHIQULIZHI,TEBIESHIZAIQINGGANHEXINGFANGMIAN,NENGCHILUOLUODEBAOLUZIJI。BEISHIYAOZHECHAOSIMUXIANG,ZHUDONGJIESHOUSHIYAOZHEDEZHIPEI。MINJIANHAISHUO,RUGUOLIANXUBEISHIFANGAIYAONENGDAOZHIJINGSHENFENLIE。

 DANGDIZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONGSUOWEIDEAIYAO:YIZHONGSHIYOUDONGZHIWUZHICHENGDE。CAIYAORENYAODAOSENLINZHONGXUNZHAOQINGTENG,RUGUOFAXIANYOULIANGKECHANRAOZAIYIQIDEQINGTENG,JIURUHUOZHIBAO。ZAINONGLIWUYUEWUDUANWUJIEDENEITIANCAIXIALAI,JINGXINQIEGE、HONGGAN,YANCHENGFENMO,DUICISHIXINGZHONGZHONGWUSHU,SHIQINGTENGFENMOCHENGWEIYIZHONGAIYAO。DONGWUXINGAIYAOSHIXUANZEYIWOYANZI,TONGCHANGXUYAOSANGEDAN,DANGSANZHIYOUYANTUOQIAOERCHUSHI,JIBASANZHIYOUYANFANGZAISHUIPENZHONGNISI,SANZHIYANZIZHENGZHABUYI。RUGUOYOULIANGZHIHUXIANGCHANRAOZAIYIQI,ZERENWEISHIYIXIONGYICI,ZHULAOCHUSHAIGAN,ZAIGUONEIHONGWEIFENMO,ZHICHENGAIYAO。LINGYIZHIYOUYANYEYAOHONGGANZHIFEN,KEZUOWEIJIEYAO。ZHEIZHONGAIYAOBUSHIRENHERENDOUNENGZHIZUODE,BIXUYOUWUSHIHUOZAIWUSHIDEZHIDAOXIAZHICHENG。NANNVJUNKESHIYONGGAIYAO。SHISHUZHEWANGWANGCHENDUIFANGBUBEI,YOUZIJIHUOTUOTARENJIANGAIYAOFANGZAIDUIFANGSHIWU、JIUZHONG。DUIFANGSHIYONGHOU,QINGXUXINGFEN,XINGWEIGUZHI、YUYANZHISHUANG。BEISHISHUZHEWEIZHUIQIUMUBIAO,SIZHUIBUSHE,ZHIDAOERRENCHENGWEIQINGRENHUOJUANSHUWEIZHI。

 LEISINIAOCHONGAIYAOYECENGJIANYUGUWENXIANZHONG。《HUAINANZI·WANBISHU》:“QUENAOLINGRENXIANGSI,QUCIXIONGQUEGEYI,FANZHISIDAOTONG,BINGYINRIYURENGONGYINJIU,ZHINAOJIUZHONG,ZEXIANGSIYE。”《LONGSHUFANG》:“QUYUANYANGXINYINGANBAIRI,XIZAIBEI,WULINGRENZHI,”JIKEXIANGAI。CIWAIRUBUGUNIAO、XINIAO、ZHAMENG、PANGFENG、HONGFEISHU、MEIDIE、JIDINGCHONG、JINGUIZI、TIANKECHONG、KOUTOUCHONG,ZHIZHUDENGJUNWEIGUDAIDEAIYAOYUANLIAO。

 (二)恋爱符

 AIYAODELINGYIZHONGXINGSHILIANAIFU。YOUYIZHONGLIANAIFUSHIZHOUYU,DANXUPEIYIYIDINGMEIJIEWU。RUGUOYIGEXIAOHUOZIKANZHONGLEYIGEGUNIANG,KESHIGUNIANGKANBUSHANGTA,XIAOHUOZIJIUHUIZAIQINGNIANJUHUIDECHANGHE,BAGUNIANGDESHUIYANDAIQUGUOLAI,DUIYANDAISHUORUOGANZHOUYU。

 咒语大意如下:

 XIZHEYANDAI,XIANGFUMOZHEHESHUI,XIZHEYANDAILULULALAXIANGZHE。XIANGYUYANSHUILAJIACHANG。HESHUIJIWOAIDELILIANG。YANSHUIWEIWOYUGUNIANGCUOHE,YONGSHOUQINGQINGDEPAISANXIA,YONGZUIWENROUDICHUISANKOUQI,BAAIQINGDEWEIXIAODAIJIGUNIANG。

广东快乐十分  NIANWANZHOUYUHOU,BAYANDAIHAIJIGUNIANG,DANGRANZHEIXIEXINGDONGQUANSHIBEIZHEGUNIANGSHISHIDE。ZHEIGUNIANGXIAOMIMIDEJIEGUOYANDAI,XIJIKOUYANHOU,JUSHUOBIRANZHONG“MEN”。FANZHIRUGUOGUNIANGJIEGUOYANDAIBUXIYAN,ERSHIYONGSHOUBAYANZUIMOYIXIA,BAYANSHUICHUICHULAI,“MEN”JIUBEIPOJIELE。ZHEIZHONGWUSHUDUOYONGYUCHULIAN,JUSHUOQIXIAOLIKEWEICHIYIZHIWUTIAN,ZHONG“MEN”DEGUNIANGHUIBIAOXIANDEFEICHANGXINGFEN,RENPINGXIAOHUOZIZHUIZHU。

广东快乐十分  ZAILUTUZHONGYEKEYISHIZHANZHEIZHONGWUSHU。RUXIAOHUOZAITUZHONGYUJIANYIZHONGREN,DANGUNIANGBINGBULICAI。ZHEISHIXIAOHUOZICONGDISHANGSHIQIYIGEBAISEXIAOLISHI,FANGZAISHOUXINSHANG,CHUISANKOUQI,NIANZHOUYU:

广东快乐十分  SHIQIYIMEIXIAOLISHI,TADAIZHEWODEQINGYI。PAOXIANGGUNIANGDESHENSHANG,RANGWODEJIEBAIAIQING,XIANGLISHIYIYANGCHUNJIE,JIZHONGGUNIANGDEXINFANG。

 NIJIESHOUZHEIMEILISHI,JIUJIESHOULEWODEAI,MEILIDEGUNIANGA,NIHUITOUJIWOXIAOLIAN。

 NIANBI,XIAOHUOZIXIANGLISHICHUISANKOUQI,BINGQIEQINGQINGDEPAODAOGUNIANGSHENSHANG,RUGUNIANGHUITOUYIXIAO,JIUSUANZHONG“MEN”LE,XIAOHUOZIKEDADANDEZHUIQIU,BIRANMADAOCHENGGONG;RUGUOGUNIANGBUJIALICAI,XIAOHUOZIJIUSHIBAILE。

 HAIYOUYIZHONGLIANAIFU,YOUWUSHIHUODAOGONGZHUCHIDE。TAMENXIANGKAIYAOFANGSIDE,XIANNIANZHOUYU,RANHOUHUIFU,BINGZUNXUNYIDINGDEJINJI,JIKESHIYONGGAIHUIFU。ZHEIZHONGFUWOSOUJIBUSHAO,DATIYOUYIXIAJIZHONG:

 男戴符

广东快乐十分  ZAIZHISHANGHUAYOURIYUE、NANNVJIEHEXINGXIANG,FUSHANGSHUYOU“TONGXINTONGSHUI”、“TONGCHUANGTONGHE”、“TONGCHUANGENAI”、“HEHEJIAOHUI”DENGZI,BINGBAZHEIXIEFUDAIZAINANZISHENSHANG,FUQIHUIENAI,QINGRENHUIQINGXIN。

 女戴符

 ZAIZHISHANGHUIFU,SHUYOU“MIMEN”、“TONGXINENAI”,PEIYINANNVJIAOHE、LIYULIANTI、RIYUEXIANGJIAODENGXINGXIANG。

 路上自来符

 ZAIZHISHANGHUIFU,SHUYOU“RIJIHEHE,XUNFENGCHENGSHUANG”。SHICIFUSHI,JINLIANGBAGUNIANGDEJIAOYINZHAODAO,BAZHIFUFANGZAIJIAOYINSHANG,GUNIANGJIUHUIZHUIQIUXIAOHUOZI。GAIFUSHANGCHANGSHUYOUFUYU,RU“SUINVRENTANVRENJIAOJI,SANBUJIFAN,QUJIAOYIN,BULUNTU、SHIYIKUAI,ZHOUTUHASANCI。”“JIAODAJIAO,JIAOTADI,LIANGBIANHEIBANMA,LIANGBIANLIANGPOSHAN,LIANGJIAOLIANGHESHUI,PAIERA,NIANWOBUXUMA,JIANTIANNIERMA,JIANTIANNIERNU,JIANXIANIERE,JIANWOERWUQIANBANHUANXI,ZHUNWUTAISHANGLAOJUN,JIJIRULVLING,HUAJINZI。”

 男爱女食符

广东快乐十分  ZHEIZHONGFUHUAHAOHOU,YAODUIZHETANIANZHOUYU,RANHOUFENWEIHUIJIN,ZAIHOULAISHEFATOURUGUNIANGDEJIUWANHUOSHUIWANZHONG。GUNIANGYINFUHOUJIKECHANSHENGXINGAIXIAOYING。GAIFUHUIYIDUINANNV,SHUYOU“NIANNIANTONGXIAO,YUANYANGXIANGHE”、“TONGZUOTONGCHUANGSHUI”DENGZIYANG。

广东快乐十分  AIYAODENGDENGDECHUXIAN,KENENGYUANYUSHIQIANWUSHU,HOULAIYIZHIYANXUXIALAI。GANSUDUNHUANGCHUTUGUOBUSHAOAIFU,LIRU“FANNANYUQIUNVFUSITONG,YIGENGZIRI,SHUNVXINGMING,FENGFU,BUJINGXUNRI,BIDE”、“FANNANYUQIUNVFUSITONG,YIGENGZIRI,SHUNVXINGMING,SHAOZUOHUI,HEJIUFUZHI,LIJIMIYAN。”ZHEIXIEDOUSHIYIZHONGQIUAIFU,SHIYOUAIYAODENGWUSHUFAZHANLAIDE,YUZHUANGZUDEQIUAIFUBUMOUERHE。CONGWENHUARENLEIXUEJIAODUKAN,QIUAIWUSHULAIYUANYUSHOULIEZHONGDEYINYOUWUSHU,ZHEIYIDIANKECONGHAINANLIZUDEXISUZHONGKANCHUDUANNI。

 LIZUYOUYIZHONGHUNCAO,RU“JINBUHUAN”、“HUASHANYU”DENG,TONGCHENG“SHANZHUYAO”。MEIJIAFANGQIANWUHOUDOUZHONGZHIRUOGANZHU,LIZURENWEISHANZHUYAOCAOZHANGDEMAOSHENG,ZHURENJIUHUIDADAOSHANZHU,SHENGHUOFUZU。SHANGSHUSHANZHUYAONENGYINYOUSHANZHU、POLUDELINGHUN,LIESHOUNENGSUIXINSUOYUDEBUSHA。CHULIEQIANLIERENBIXUCONGSHANSHANGCAIWASHANZHUCAO,ZHONGYUFANGQIANWUHOU,JINGXINJIAOGUAN,BUNENGPOHUAI。TAMENRENWEIBUTONGDESHANZHUCAONENGYINYOUBUTONGDEYESHOULINGHUN,YOUDENENGYINYOUHUANGLANG,YOUDENENGYINYOUPOLU,YOUDENENGYINYOUSHANZHU,DENGDENG。

 

 LIZUDESHANZHUCAOSHIJISHANGBINGMEIYOUYINYOUYESHOUDEGONGNENG,ZHISHIYIZHONGYUANSHIXINYANG,SHIYIZHONGYINYOUWUSHUERYI。ZHEIYIDIANHENLEISIAIYAO,ZHISHIGENGJIAYUANSHI,DANSHITAKENENGJIUSHIAIYAODEQIANSHEN。RENLEIZAISHEHUISHENGHUOZHONG,BUJINYUNYONGYINYOUWUSHU,HAIBAZHEIZHONGWUSHUYIYONGDAORENJIGUANXI,JIYONGYUQIUOUGUANXISHANG,JINERFAZHANCHENGWEIQIUOUWUSHU。AIYAOSUOXUANZEDEDONGZHIWU,DOUSHIYIDUIDUIXIONGCIDONGWUHUOZHESHIYIZHONGCHANRAOZAIYIQIDELIANGKETONGLEIZHIWU,XIANGZHENGYINYANG、LIANGXINGJIAOHE,ZHEISHIYIZHONGGULAODEMONIWUSHU,YOUDONGZHIWUDEJIAOHE,BIAOXIANRENLEINANNVXIANGQINXIANGAI。RANERWUSHUSHIMIXIN,BUSHIKEXUE,AIYAOBUNENG、YEBUKENENGSHICHIYOUZHESUIXINSUOYUDIZHUIQIUYIZHONGREN。

广东快乐十分  GUDAIWENXIANZHONG,DUICILEIHUACAOYEYOULEISIJILU。YISHIWUFENGDUYAOCAO,《SUISHIGUANGJI》JUANERSHIERYIN《BENCAOSHIYI》:“WUFENGDUYAOCAO,DAIZHISHIFUQIXIANGAI。SHENGLINGNAN,TOURUDANZI,WEIRUONIAOWEI,LIANGPIANKAIHE,JIANRENZIDONG,GUYUEDUYAOCAO”。YISHIWUCAO,《YOUYANGZAZU·CAOPIAN》:“YAZHOUCHUWUCAO,DUJINGSANYE,YERUJUEMING,YIYEZAIJINGDUAN,LIANGYEJUJINGZHIBAN,XIANGDUI。RENHUOJINZHI,GEJIDIZHANGOUQU,BIDONG,YERUWUYE”。LISHIZHEN《BENCAOGANGMU》CHENGQIWEIYUMEIRENCAO,KEZHICHENGAIYAO。

 

 YUNNANDAIZUYELIUXINGQIUAIFU,HUIYOULIANGGEKONGQUEJIAOHEHEXIEYOUZHOUYU。

 MIAOZUYOUYIZHONGXINGAIFUHAO,YEJUYOULIANAIDUIFANGDEZUOYONG。

广东快乐十分  BAIZUYEYOULEISIAIFUDEDONGXI。GAIZURENWEINANNVYINAIQINGERSIZHE,WANGLINGHUIBIANCHENG“FENGLIUGUI”,ZHEIZHONGGUIYENENGBIANCHENGGU,JINGGUOWUSHIDEDAOGAO、JIAGONG,KEYIZUOCHENG“CHIQINGYAO”,HUOZHEYINCHENGJIAMA。RUBAIZUDE“NANNVKEZHISHEN”JIUSHIYIZHONG“CHIQINGYAO”。DANGMOUNANZHUIQIUMOUNV,NVFANGBUDONGXIN,NANFANGYOUQIONGZHUIBUSHE,FEIYAODADAOMUDEBUKESHI,JIUQINGWUSHIYINYIZHANGSHANGSHUJIAMA,NANZIJIANGQIFENSHAO,BINGJIANGHUIJINRANGNVFANGCHIHUOXIUWEI,NVFANGJIUHUIBEIGOUZHULINGHUNSIDE,RUCHIRUZUI,YIXINZHUIQIUYUANLAIBUXIHUANDENANZI,ZUIZHONGJIEWEIJUANSHU。BAIZUHAIRENWEIRUGUONANNVXIANGAI,HOULAISHILIANLE,YERENWEISHIGUIGOUZOULELINGHUN,BIXUFEN“NANNVKEZHISHEN”JIAMA,QUZOU“FENGLIUGUI”,LIANAISHUANGFANGHUIYANGUIYUHAO。

 (三)爱药由来已久

广东快乐十分  ZHIAISHUYOULAIYIJIU。《ZHOULI·NEIZAI》CHENGNEIZAIDEZHINENGZHIYIJIUSHI“JINQIQIXIE”,“QIXIE”JIUBAOKUOZHIAISHU。QINDAICHENGQIWEI“MEIDAO”。QINJIAN《YUESHU》:“DINGCHOUCAIYIMEIRENRU。”ZHEIJIUSHILIYONGDINGCHOURICAIYIYOURENAILIAN。HANDAIGENGLIUXING“MEIDAO”。《SHIJI·JIANYUANYILAIHOUZHENIANBIAO》ZHONGYOU“DAOFURENCHUCHANZIBEIXIYIWEIMEIDAO,WEIRENSUOSHANGSHUYAN,LUNQISHI”,DANGSHIYOUCHENG“YANMEIZHISHU”。CONGGUDAIWENXIANZHONGKAN,SHANGSHUWUSHUSHILIYONGMAOFA、ZHIJIA、XINGMING、XUEWU、TAOZHI、MUOU、NITU、HUICHENDENGSHIZHANZHIAIWUSHU,RENWEIZHEIXIEDONGXIYUSUOZHIAISHUDEDUIXIANGYOUSHENTIHUOLINGHUNDELIANXI,YINCIBIRANNENGQIANDONGQILINGHUN,SUOYITONGGUOYIDINGWUSHU,KEXIYINDUIFANGQIANAIYUZIJI。《YIXINFANG》JUANERLIU:“YULINGNVRENAI,QUNVRENFANIANMEISHAOZUOHUI,JIUZHONGFUZHI,(NV)SHENAIREN”。DUNHUANGTANGRENWENSHUZHONGYOU《RANGNVZIHUNRENSHUMIFA》:“FANYULINGFUNVZILAIAI,QUDONGNANYINTAOZHI,SHUNVXINGMING,ANCESHANG,LIJIDEYAN。”NANRENYOUZHIAISHU,NVRENYEYOUQIUAISHU。ZAIYISHU《LINGQIFANG》:“YANXINRIQUWUTONGMUDONGNANXINGGENZHANGSANCUN,KEZUONANREN,YIWUSECAIYIZHI,ZHESHEN,LINGQINSHUXIANGAI”。《ZHENZHONGFANG》:“JIAFUBUWEIFUSUOAI,QUCHUANGXIXIACHEN,ZHEFUSHI,WULINGZHI,JIJINGAI。”

 QIUAIWUSHUSHIYIZHONGWEIKEXUE,DANSHITABIAODARENMENXIANGSUIXINSUOYUDIZHUIQIUYIZHONGRENDEHUANXIANG,ZHEIZHONGHUANXIANGYOUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIFARENMENQUXUNZHAOZHENZHENGDEAIYAO。YINGGAISHUO,GUDAICHUNYAOYUAIYAOYOUYIDINGGUANXI,JINGUANLIANGZHEBUSHIYIZHONGSHIWU。

XIANGGUANSOUSUO:

BANQUANSHENGMING:GUGONGLISHIWANGSHUYUGONGYIXINGWANGZHAN,BENZHANWENZHANGDUOWEIYUANCHUANG,BUFENSOUJIZIWANGLUO,RUYOUQINQUANQINGLIANXIZHANZHANG,WOMENJIANGZAI24XIAOSHINEISHANCHU。

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